Policy Pyramid

The Institute for Industrial Productivity’s database provides information on industrial energy efficiency and greenhouse gas (GHG) mitigation policies. 

The database illustrates a country's policy package as a "Policy Pyramid" composed of three policy levels:

Effort-Defining Policies

Interventions that motivate and drive energy efficiency, energy savings or GHG emissions reduction. Include target-setting policies. e.g., negotiated agreement.

Supporting Measures

Carrot-and-stick policies that encourage action and address or alleviate barriers to efficiency improvements. They increase the effectiveness of effort-defining policies. e.g., energy management obligations.

Implementation Toolbox

Guidelines, tools, templates etc. that support the above policies. e.g., technology list. This allows an understanding of a country's policies from an overall policy package perspective, focusing on policy interrelations, consistency of policy objectives and approaches, and completeness of the package in terms of whether all barriers have been addressed and encourage action.

 

To complement the database, IIP has developed a research paper titled Ten Key Messages for Effective Policy Packages – Sharing Best Practices in Industrial Energy Efficiency Policies. Download the report.

The database provides information on the policies and policy packages of Australia, Canada, China, Germany, Finland, India, Japan, the Netherlands, Russia, South Africa, Sweden, Thailand, the United Kingdom and the United States. Additional countries will be added over time. 

We welcome your input to keep the database relevant and up to date. Please contact us if you would like to submit policy information on existing and additional countries, or notify us of any errors, omissions or out-of-date information.

 

Other key terms used in the database include:

Administrative Policies

Administrative policies are regulations and agreements that directly compel actions by or communicate expectations to industry companies and/or associations. They can be: technology prescriptive as in the case of equipment standards and process configuration prescriptions; management-prescriptive as is in the cases of auditing, conservation planning and energy management standards; or performance oriented as in the cases of plant, firm or sector regulation and agreements concerning benchmark targets and absolute energy savings goals. [1]

Economic Policies

Economic policies are taxes and tax reductions, directed financial support (e.g., subsidies and loans), cap-and-trade schemes, and differentiated energy prices that seek to influence the cost-effectiveness of technical actions.  They can be focused on specific sectors or multiple sectors. [1]

Information and Outreach

Information and outreach policies and measures consist of informational, analytical and institutional development and support measures, which help to establish a favourable environment for industry to implement energy efficiency actions. They are capacity building, awareness, knowledge, tools and procedures.

[1] Reinaud, J and Goldberg, A (2011). Ten Key Message for Effective Policy Packages

 

How to get started using the database....