Canada

Policy Pyramid

Policy Timeline

Previous Next

Policy Categorization

Administrative

CA-1: Energy Efficiency Standards and Labelling program (EESL program)

Policy Sub-Type: Standards  ·  Policy Pyramid:

CA-2: Canadian Industry Programme for Energy Conservation (CIPEC)

Policy Sub-Type: Voluntary Agreement  ·  Policy Pyramid:

CA-7: Efficiency New Brunswick Industry Program

Policy Sub-Type: Negotiated Agreement  ·  Policy Pyramid:

Economic

CA-3: ISO 50001 implementation Support

Policy Sub-Type: Incentives & Subsidies  ·  Policy Pyramid:

CA-4: Accelerated capital cost allowances (ACCA)

Policy Sub-Type: Incentives & Subsidies  ·  Policy Pyramid:

CA-5: Research, Development and Demonstration (R,D&D) programs

Policy Sub-Type: Incentives & Subsidies  ·  Policy Pyramid:

CA-6: British Columbia Energy Plan 2010 and BC Hydro Demand-Side Management programs

Policy Sub-Type: Incentives & Subsidies  ·  Policy Pyramid:

Main Industry Characteristics

The industrial sector includes all manufacturing, mining, pulp and paper and construction activities.  In 2008, the industrial sector’s share of GDP accounted for 25% of the Canadian total (excluding agriculture).[1]

In 2009, the industrial sector represented 32% of the total CO2 emissions in Canada.   Manufacturing and mining and quarrying together accounted for 17% of the total CO2 emissions in Canada; other energy industries accounted for 13% of the total CO2 emissions. 

 

In 2008 alone, industry spent $39.9 billion for energy as an input to production.  Industry energy use amounted to 37% of total final consumption for the Canadian economy as a whole.   Industry uses energy primarily to produce heat, generate steam and for motive power.  Natural gas and electricity are the main fuels used, meeting 32% and 24%, respectively, of the energy needs of the sector.  The pulp and paper and the smelting and refining industries require the most electricity and, in 2008, accounted for more than 49% of the sector’s electricity use.



[1] http://oee.nrcan.gc.ca/publications/statistics/trends10/chapter5.cfm?attr=0

 

National Gross Domestic Product: 1,509,226.00 (Mln Canadian dollars (CAD) [year data: 2008]) Compare all Countries

Sectoral Contribution

Sector Mln Canadian dollars (CAD) [year data: 2008]
Agriculture, hunting & fishing 28,775.00
Commercial 388,262.00
Construction 107,605.00
Energy 195,424.00
Manufacturing 180,458.00
Other services 299,921.00
Trade, transport 308,781.00
TOTAL 1,509,226.00
See Chart

2009 [1]

Sub-sector Contribution to Manufacturing Industry

Sector Mln Canadian dollars (CAD) [year data: 2004]
Basic metals 27,264.00
Chemicals & plastics 25,509.00
Equipment & machinery 51,395.00
Food & tobacco 25,465.00
Fuel production 4,436.00
Other non-metallic minerals 5,707.00
Pulp & paper 23,898.00
Textile 6,115.00
Wood 14,095.00
TOTAL 183,884.00
Back to Chart

2009 [2]

Final Energy Consumption: 201,446.00 (ktoe) Compare all Countries

Sectoral Contribution

Sector ktoe
Agriculture, forestry, fishing 4,235.00
Construction 1,555.00
Industry 41,469.00
Mining and quarrying 16,111.00
Other 22,437.00
Residential 30,975.00
Services 25,177.00
Transport 59,487.00
TOTAL 201,446.00
See Chart

2010 [3]

Sub-sector Contribution to Manufacturing Industry

Sector ktoe
Chemicals 5,556.00
Equipment & machinery 0.00
Food & tobacco 0.00
Iron & steel 4,623.00
Non-ferrous metals 5,047.00
Non-metallic minerals 333.00
Non-specified 9,827.00
Paper, pulp & print 11,644.00
Refining 4,441.00
Textile & leather 0.00
TOTAL 41,471.00
Back to Chart

2010 [3]

Primary Energy Consumption: 305,347.00 (ktoe) Compare all Countries

Sectoral Contribution

Sector ktoe
Agriculture, forestry, fishing 5,273.00
Construction 1,555.00
Industry 109,378.00
Mining and quarrying 18,488.00
Other 22,437.00
Residential 47,238.00
Services 41,074.00
Transport 59,904.00
TOTAL 305,347.00
See Chart

2010 [3]

Sub-sector Contribution to Manufacturing Industry

Sector ktoe
Chemicals 38,412.00
Equipment & machinery 0.00
Food & tobacco 0.00
Iron & steel 5,534.00
Non-ferrous metals 10,902.00
Non-metallic minerals 529.00
Non-specified 31,540.00
Paper, pulp & print 18,021.00
Refining 4,441.00
Textile & leather 0.00
TOTAL 109,379.00
Back to Chart

2010 [3]

Direct CO2 Emissions Only: 536.70 (Mt) Compare all Countries

Sectoral Contribution

Sector Mt
Agriculture, forestry & fishing 10.00
Autoproducers 9.50
Construction 4.50
Manufacturing 60.10
Mining & quarrying 36.20
Other 8.20
Other Energy Industries 63.10
Public heat & electricity 105.00
Residential 38.90
Services 31.50
Transport 169.70
TOTAL 536.70
See Chart

2010 [4]

Sub-sector Contribution to Manufacturing Industry

Sector Mt
Chemicals 8.70
Equipment & machinery 0.00
Food & tobacco 0.00
Iron & steel 11.50
Non-Ferrous Metals 1.20
Non-Metallic Minerals 0.70
Other 19.30
Other Energy Industries 63.10
Paper & printing 4.70
Textile & leather 0.00
Wood 2.00
TOTAL 111.20
Back to Chart

2010 [4]

Total CO2 Emissions: 520.80 (Mt)

Sectoral Contribution

Sector Mt
Manufacturing and construction 125.00
Other energy industries 70.90
Other sectors 96.00
Residential 70.60
Transport 158.30
TOTAL 520.80
See Chart

2009 [5]

References

[1] OECD statistics: http://stats.oecd.org/index.aspx

[2] EU KLEMS: http://www.euklems.net/

[3] IEA Statistics: Energy Balances © OECD/International Energy Agency, 2013.

[4] IEA Statistics: CO2 Emissions from Fuel Combustion © OECD/International Energy Agency, 2013.

[5] IEA, CO2 emissions from fuel combustion, 2009. On-line data service, 2011 edition.