India

Policy Pyramid

Policy Timeline

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Policy Categorization

Administrative

IN-1: Mandatory energy efficiency standards (pilot phase)

Policy Sub-Type: Standards  ·  Policy Pyramid:

IN-3: Mandatory Energy Managers and Energy Audits

Policy Sub-Type:   ·  Policy Pyramid:

Economic

IN-4: Financing Schemes of IREDA

Policy Sub-Type:   ·  Policy Pyramid:

IN-5: Venture Capital Fund for Energy Efficiency

Policy Sub-Type: Incentives & Subsidies  ·  Policy Pyramid:

IN-6: Partial Risk Guarantee Fund for Energy Efficiency

Policy Sub-Type:   ·  Policy Pyramid:

IN-2: Perform Achieve Trade Scheme (PAT Scheme)

Policy Sub-Type: Emissions Trading  ·  Policy Pyramid:

IN-8: Clean Energy Cess

Policy Sub-Type:   ·  Policy Pyramid:

Information & Outreach

IN-7: National Energy Conservation Awards

Policy Sub-Type:   ·  Policy Pyramid:

External Resources

Energy efficiency policies and programs in India

Presentation by Joint Secretary Singh, Ministry of Power, Government of India at the EMAK workshop (January, 2010).

Energy Transition for Industry: India and the Global Context

International Energy Agency Information paper by Trudeau et al. (2011).

Main Industry Characteristics

India’s industry is dominated in number by small- and medium-sized enterprises, but its industrial energy use is concentrated in large energy-intensive enterprises. Main industrial sectors in India are textiles, chemicals, food processing, steel, cement, transportation equipment and machinery.

The Government has therefore assigned nine of the most energy intensive industrial sectors as designated consumers and subject to targeted energy policies. Together with the power sector, the cement, steel, aluminium and petrochemical sectors account fora major share of energy use and CO2 emissions in India [4]. The degree of privatization and government control are deemed important factors affecting industrial energy efficiency in India, with privatized sectors being more efficient.

In the IEA Energy Balances a very large share of industrial energy use is included in the category of 'non-specified industry', making it difficult to compare the sub-sectoral breakdown on this basis.

National Gross Domestic Product: 58,683.28 (billion rupees) Compare all Countries

Sectoral Contribution

Sector billion rupees
agriculture, hunting & fishing 10,045.90
Commercial 9,523.09
construction 4,883.45
energy 2,382.75
manufacturing & mining 9,311.01
other services 8,170.58
Trade, transport 14,366.50
TOTAL 58,683.28
See Chart

2009 [1]

Final Energy Consumption: 454,809.00 (ktoe) Compare all Countries

Sectoral Contribution

Sector ktoe
Agriculture, forestry, fishing 14,168.00
Construction 0.00
Industry 157,954.00
Mining and quarrying 1,453.00
Other 37,862.00
Residential 172,250.00
Services 15,631.00
Transport 55,491.00
TOTAL 454,809.00
See Chart

2010 [2]

Sub-sector Contribution to Manufacturing Industry

Sector ktoe
Chemicals 5,066.00
Equipment & machinery 514.00
Food & tobacco 12,389.00
Iron & steel 30,545.00
Non-ferrous metals 644.00
Non-metallic minerals 11,101.00
Non-specified 93,709.00
Paper, pulp & print 1,667.00
Refining 1,211.00
Textile & leather 1,108.00
TOTAL 157,954.00
Back to Chart

2010 [2]

Primary Energy Consumption: 533,885.00 (ktoe) Compare all Countries

Sectoral Contribution

Sector ktoe
Agriculture, forestry, fishing 29,159.00
Construction 0.00
Industry 195,291.00
Mining and quarrying 1,453.00
Other 37,862.00
Residential 190,045.00
Services 23,030.00
Transport 57,045.00
TOTAL 533,885.00
See Chart

2010 [2]

Sub-sector Contribution to Manufacturing Industry

Sector ktoe
Chemicals 5,066.00
Equipment & machinery 514.00
Food & tobacco 12,389.00
Iron & steel 30,545.00
Non-ferrous metals 644.00
Non-metallic minerals 11,101.00
Non-specified 131,047.00
Paper, pulp & print 1,667.00
Refining 1,211.00
Textile & leather 1,108.00
TOTAL 195,292.00
Back to Chart

2010 [2]

Direct CO2 Emissions Only: 1,625.90 (Mt) Compare all Countries

Sectoral Contribution

Sector Mt
Agriculture, forestry & fishing 9.60
Autoproducers 101.50
Construction 0.00
Manufacturing 396.50
Mining & quarrying 4.50
Other 27.60
Other Energy Industries 61.10
Public heat & electricity 774.30
Residential 74.80
Services 14.50
Transport 161.50
TOTAL 1,625.90
See Chart

2010 [3]

Sub-sector Contribution to Manufacturing Industry

Sector Mt
Chemicals 17.50
Equipment & machinery 1.60
Food & tobacco 38.10
Iron & steel 115.00
Non-Ferrous Metals 2.40
Non-Metallic Minerals 42.80
Other 124.80
Other Energy Industries 61.10
Paper & printing 6.60
Textile & leather 3.90
Wood 0.00
TOTAL 413.80
Back to Chart

2010 [3]

Total CO2 Emissions: 1,427.60 (Mt)

Sectoral Contribution

Sector Mt
Manufacturing & construction 652.80
Residential 241.70
Transport 147.40
~Other energy industries 50.70
~Other sectors 335.00
TOTAL 1,427.60
See Chart

2008 [4]

References

[1] ADB (2010). Key Indicators for Asia and the Pacific 2010

[2] IEA Statistics: Energy Balances © OECD/International Energy Agency, 2013.

[3] IEA Statistics: CO2 Emissions from Fuel Combustion © OECD/International Energy Agency, 2013.

[4] IEA Energy Statistics © OECD/International Energy Agency, 2010. CO2 emissions from fuel combustion extract.