Japan

Policy Pyramid

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Administrative

JP-1: Keidanren Voluntary Action Plan (VAP) (ENDED)

Policy Sub-Type: Voluntary Agreement  ·  Policy Pyramid:

JP-3: Mandatory energy efficiency benchmarking in industry

Policy Sub-Type:   ·  Policy Pyramid:

JP-4: Mandatory Energy Management

Policy Sub-Type:   ·  Policy Pyramid:

JP-8: Mandatory GHG Emissions Reporting

Policy Sub-Type:   ·  Policy Pyramid:

JP-9: Keidanren Commitment to Low Carbon Society

Policy Sub-Type: Voluntary Agreement  ·  Policy Pyramid:

Economic

JP-2: Japanese Voluntary Emissions Trading Scheme (JVETS)

Policy Sub-Type: Emissions Trading  ·  Policy Pyramid:

JP-5: Fiscal incentives for energy efficiency

Policy Sub-Type: Incentives & Subsidies  ·  Policy Pyramid:

JP-6: Subsidy scheme for energy efficiency

Policy Sub-Type: Incentives & Subsidies  ·  Policy Pyramid:

JP-7: Emission Credit Scheme for Small and Medium-Sized Companies

Policy Sub-Type:   ·  Policy Pyramid:

JP-10: Tokyo Cap-and-Trade Program

Policy Sub-Type: Emissions Trading  ·  Policy Pyramid:

External Resources

Industrial Energy Efficiency Policies in Japan

Presentation by Yukari Yamashita at the IEA-IIP Policy Pathway Workshop on Energy Management Programmes (September, 2011).

Main Industry Characteristics

In 1990, industry consumed  about 34% of total final consumption. The share is larger than for the OECD on average, which - combined with the limited amount of domestic energy resources, explains the focus of energy efficiency policies on this sector developed in the last decades (in combination with the power sector).  Since 1990, Japan’s energy use in the industrial sector as a proportion of the total has declined to 30% of total final energy in 2008. This is the result of several factors, including energy efficiency changes in major industrial sectors, shifts in the mix of production and changing production levels [5]. Basic material industries, including iron & steel (largest share), chemicals, ceramics and cement, and paper & pulp are major energy consumers  in the industrial sector. 

National Gross Domestic Product: 468,345,100.00 (Mln Yen) Compare all Countries

Sectoral Contribution

Sector Mln Yen
Agriculture, hunting & fishing 5,449,800.00
Commercial 79,582,100.00
Construction 26,448,000.00
Energy 8,907,700.00
Manufacturing 87,086,700.00
Other services 145,617,400.00
Trade, transport 115,253,400.00
TOTAL 468,345,100.00
See Chart

2011 [1]

Sub-sector Contribution to Manufacturing Industry

Sector millions of Japanese Yen
Basic metals 9.00
Chemicals 6.00
Equipment & machinery 31.00
Food & tobacco 13.00
Fuel production 5.00
Rubber, plastics, and other non-metallic minerals 5.00
Textile 1.00
Wood and paper products 5.00
TOTAL 75.00
Back to Chart

2009 [2]

Final Energy Consumption: 342,452.00 (ktoe) Compare all Countries

Sectoral Contribution

Sector ktoe
Agriculture, forestry, fishing 3,518.00
Construction 3,894.00
Industry 104,035.00
Mining and quarrying 297.00
Other 39,898.00
Residential 49,691.00
Services 64,172.00
Transport 76,947.00
TOTAL 342,452.00
See Chart

2010 [3]

Sub-sector Contribution to Manufacturing Industry

Sector ktoe
Chemicals 17,202.00
Equipment & machinery 8,827.00
Food & tobacco 4,491.00
Iron & steel 38,929.00
Non-ferrous metals 2,003.00
Non-metallic minerals 7,832.00
Non-specified 16,170.00
Paper, pulp & print 7,750.00
Refining 831.00
Textile & leather 0.00
TOTAL 104,035.00
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2010 [3]

Primary Energy Consumption: 533,140.00 (ktoe) Compare all Countries

Sectoral Contribution

Sector ktoe
Agriculture, forestry, fishing 3,603.00
Construction 3,969.00
Industry 135,686.00
Mining and quarrying 382.00
Other 39,898.00
Residential 83,759.00
Services 187,057.00
Transport 78,786.00
TOTAL 533,140.00
See Chart

2010 [3]

Sub-sector Contribution to Manufacturing Industry

Sector ktoe
Chemicals 22,060.00
Equipment & machinery 16,055.00
Food & tobacco 6,137.00
Iron & steel 45,000.00
Non-ferrous metals 3,617.00
Non-metallic minerals 10,016.00
Non-specified 21,319.00
Paper, pulp & print 10,653.00
Refining 831.00
Textile & leather 0.00
TOTAL 135,688.00
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2010 [3]

Direct CO2 Emissions Only: 1,143.00 (Mt) Compare all Countries

Sectoral Contribution

Sector Mt
Agriculture, forestry & fishing 10.20
Autoproducers 68.80
Construction 11.20
Manufacturing 238.00
Mining & quarrying 0.60
Other 0.00
Other Energy Industries 44.00
Public heat & electricity 394.60
Residential 60.80
Services 92.10
Transport 222.70
TOTAL 1,143.00
See Chart

2010 [4]

Sub-sector Contribution to Manufacturing Industry

Sector Mt
Chemicals 35.60
Equipment & machinery 6.10
Food & tobacco 8.30
Iron & steel 80.50
Non-Ferrous Metals 1.90
Non-Metallic Minerals 21.10
Other 43.90
Other Energy Industries 44.00
Paper & printing 9.50
Textile & leather 0.00
Wood 0.00
TOTAL 250.90
Back to Chart

2010 [4]

Total CO2 Emissions: 1,151.20 (Mt)

Sectoral Contribution

Sector Mt
Manufacturing & construction 393.00
Other energy industries 48.30
Other sectors 277.90
Residential 196.70
Transport 235.30
TOTAL 1,151.20
See Chart

2008 [5]

References

[1] OECD statistics, 2013, http://stats.oecd.org/index.aspx

[2] EU KLEMS, 2012, http://www.euklems.net/

[3] IEA Statistics: Energy Balances © OECD/International Energy Agency, 2013.

[4] IEA Statistics: CO2 Emissions from Fuel Combustion © OECD/International Energy Agency, 2013.

[5] IEA Energy Statistics © OECD/International Energy Agency, 2010. CO2 emissions from fuel combustion extract.