Netherlands

Policy Pyramid

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Administrative

NL-1b: Benchmarking  Covenant on Energy Efficiency

Policy Sub-Type: Negotiated Agreement  ·  Policy Pyramid:

NL-2: Long-Term Agreements on Energy Efficiency

Policy Sub-Type: Negotiated Agreement  ·  Policy Pyramid:

NL-8: Permits under the Environmental Management Act

Policy Sub-Type:   ·  Policy Pyramid:

NL-1a: Long-term Agreement on Energy Efficiency for EU ETS enterprises (LEE)

Policy Sub-Type: Negotiated Agreement  ·  Policy Pyramid:

NL-4: Ecodesign Directive

Policy Sub-Type: Standards  ·  Policy Pyramid:

NL-11: Green Deal

Policy Sub-Type: Voluntary Agreement  ·  Policy Pyramid:

NL-5: Energy Efficiency Directive

Policy Sub-Type:   ·  Policy Pyramid:

Economic

NL-7: Energy Investment Allowance (EIA)

Policy Sub-Type: Incentives & Subsidies  ·  Policy Pyramid:

NL-3: EU Emissions Trading System (EU ETS)

Policy Sub-Type: Emissions Trading  ·  Policy Pyramid:

NL-6b: Incentive Scheme for Sustainable Energy Production (SDE)

Policy Sub-Type: Incentives & Subsidies  ·  Policy Pyramid:

NL-9: Fiscal schemes for environmentally-friendly investment: MIA and Vamil

Policy Sub-Type:   ·  Policy Pyramid:

NL-6a: Improved Incentive Scheme for Sustainable Energy Production (SDE+)

Policy Sub-Type: Incentives & Subsidies  ·  Policy Pyramid:

NL-10: Innovation Contracts

Policy Sub-Type: Incentives & Subsidies  ·  Policy Pyramid:

External Resources

Energy Efficiency Policies and Measures in the Netherlands

Energy Research Centre of the Netherlands, 2009

Main Industry Characteristics

Heavy industry  has a relatively high share in energy consumption and emissions and a relatively small share in value added. This is, partly due to the presence of one of the largest harbours in the world, leading to especially dominant refining and (petro-) chemical sectors (more than half of industrial CO2 emissions).

High energy-intensity of industry led to much emphasis on improving energy efficiency and the use of benchmarking to measure performance in energy efficiency and carbon intensity.
 

National Gross Domestic Product: 518,832.00 (mln Euro) Compare all Countries

Sectoral Contribution

Sector mln Euro
Commercial 146,641.00
Construction 28,082.00
Energy 27,755.00
Manufacturing 69,812.00
Other Services 138,053.00
Trade, Transport 108,489.00
TOTAL 518,832.00
See Chart

2010 [1]

Sub-sector Contribution to Manufacturing Industry

Sector mln Euro
Basic metals 7,971.00
Chemicals & plastics 13,327.00
Equipment & machinery 14,289.00
Food & tobacco 12,830.00
Fuel production 3,091.00
Other non-metallic minerals 2,296.00
Pulp & paper 7,585.00
Textile 1,210.00
Wood 1,197.00
TOTAL 63,796.00
Back to Chart

2007 [2]

Final Energy Consumption: 50,804.00 (ktoe) Compare all Countries

Sectoral Contribution

Sector ktoe
Agriculture, forestry, fishing 3,427.00
Construction 513.00
Manufacturing 13,929.00
Mining & quarrying 199.00
Other 0.00
Residential 11,516.00
Services 9,692.00
Transport 11,528.00
TOTAL 50,804.00
See Chart

2010 [3]

Sub-sector Contribution to Manufacturing Industry

Sector ktoe
Chemicals 6,162.00
Equipment & machinery 787.00
Food & tobacco 1,944.00
Iron & steel 2,500.00
Non-ferrous metals 528.00
Non-metallic minerals 720.00
Other manufacturing 354.00
Paper, pulp & print 751.00
Textile & leather 117.00
Wood 66.00
TOTAL 13,929.00
Back to Chart

2010 [3]

Primary Energy Consumption: 58,846.00 (ktoe) Compare all Countries

Sectoral Contribution

Sector ktoe
Agriculture, forestry, fishing 3,957.80
Construction 544.90
Manufacturing 16,933.40
Mining & quarrying 274.00
Other 0.00
Residential 13,290.60
Services 12,204.70
Transport 11,640.60
TOTAL 58,846.00
See Chart

2010 [3]

Sub-sector Contribution to Manufacturing Industry

Sector ktoe
Chemicals 7,389.20
Equipment & machinery 1,061.00
Food & tobacco 2,423.50
Iron & steel 2,678.00
Non-ferrous metals 856.10
Non-metallic minerals 815.10
Other manufacturing 483.80
Paper, pulp & print 999.20
Textile & leather 144.10
Wood 83.50
TOTAL 16,933.50
Back to Chart

2010 [4]

Direct CO2 Emissions Only: 181.00 (Mt) Compare all Countries

Sectoral Contribution

Sector Mt
Agriculture, forestry & fishing 6.60
Autoproducers 12.60
Construction 1.40
Manufacturing 23.10
Mining & quarrying 0.20
Other 0.00
Other Energy Industries 10.30
Public electricity & heat 55.70
Residential 22.00
Services 14.80
Transport 34.30
TOTAL 181.00
See Chart

2010 [5]

Sub-sector Contribution to Manufacturing Industry

Sector Mt
Chemicals 10.90
Equipment & machinery 1.00
Food & tobacco 3.00
Iron & steel 4.70
Non-ferrous metals 0.20
Non-metallic minerals 1.50
Other energy industries 10.30
Other manufacturing 0.50
Paper & printing 0.90
Textile & leather 0.20
Wood 0.20
TOTAL 33.40
Back to Chart

2010 [5]

Total CO2 Emissions: 177.80 (Mt)

Sectoral Contribution

Sector Mt
Manufacturing & construction 60.70
Other energy industries 13.80
Other sectors 39.90
Residential 27.80
Transport 35.60
TOTAL 177.80
See Chart

2008 [6]

References

[1] Source: OECD statistics. http://stats.oecd.org/index.aspx

[2] EU KLEMS Growth and Productivity Accounts http://www.euklems.net/

[3] IEA Energy Statistics © OECD/International Energy Agency, 2012. Energy Balances extract.

[4] IEA Energy Statistics © OECD/International Energy Agency, 2012. IEA Energy Balances extract.

[5] Calculated based on: IEA energy data (IEA Energy Statistics © OECD/International Energy Agency, 2012. IEA Energy Balances) x IPCC emission factors (IPCC, 2006)

[6] IEA Energy Statistics © OECD/International Energy Agency, 2010. CO2 emissions from fuel combustion extract.