South Africa

Policy Pyramid

Policy Timeline

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Policy Categorization

Administrative

ZA-1: National Energy Efficiency Leadership Network (EELN) (previously called Energy Efficiency Accord)

Policy Sub-Type: Voluntary Agreement  ·  Policy Pyramid:

Economic

ZA-2: Eskom’s Energy Efficiency and Demand-side Management (EEDSM) incentive program

Policy Sub-Type: Incentives & Subsidies  ·  Policy Pyramid:

ZA-3: Eskom Energy Conservation Scheme (ESC)

Policy Sub-Type: Tax  ·  Policy Pyramid:

ZA-4: Energy Efficiency Tax Incentive Regulations

Policy Sub-Type: Incentives & Subsidies  ·  Policy Pyramid:

Main Industry Characteristics

Almost 60% of the CO2 emissions in South Africa in 2009 were emitted by public electricity and heat producers. This sector is very carbon intensive because of the dominant use of coal. About half of the electricity and heat produced by this sector is consumed in the energy-intensive industry.

Because of the dominant role of the public electricity and heat producers in the overall CO2 emissions and energy consumption, together with the fact that South Africa faces a shortage in electricity production capacity, the emphasis in energy efficiency policies is on reducing electricity consumption during peak hours (demand side management).

National Gross Domestic Product: 2,835,087.00 (Mln South African Rands (ZAR)) Compare all Countries

Sectoral Contribution

Sector Mln South African Rands (ZAR)
Agriculture, hunting & fishing 72,731.00
Commercial 608,533.00
Construction 112,631.00
Energy 341,781.00
Manufacturing 351,087.00
Other services 637,920.00
Trade, transport 710,404.00
TOTAL 2,835,087.00
See Chart

2012 [1]

Final Energy Consumption: 61,849.00 (ktoe) Compare all Countries

Sectoral Contribution

Sector ktoe
Agriculture, forestry, fishing 1,386.00
Construction 261.00
Industry 20,729.00
Mining and quarrying 3,205.00
Other 3,987.00
Residential 14,739.00
Services 4,315.00
Transport 13,227.00
TOTAL 61,849.00
See Chart

2010 [2]

Sub-sector Contribution to Manufacturing Industry

Sector ktoe
Chemicals 1,892.00
Equipment & machinery 47.00
Food & tobacco 91.00
Iron & steel 6,638.00
Non-ferrous metals 1,541.00
Non-metallic minerals 1,167.00
Non-specified 8,617.00
Paper, pulp & print 195.00
Refining 474.00
Textile & leather 67.00
TOTAL 20,729.00
Back to Chart

2010 [2]

Primary Energy Consumption: 82,455.00 (ktoe) Compare all Countries

Sectoral Contribution

Sector ktoe
Agriculture, forestry, fishing 2,022.00
Construction 271.00
Industry 29,889.00
Mining and quarrying 6,174.00
Other 3,987.00
Residential 19,057.00
Services 7,453.00
Transport 13,602.00
TOTAL 82,455.00
See Chart

2010 [2]

Sub-sector Contribution to Manufacturing Industry

Sector ktoe
Chemicals 2,967.00
Equipment & machinery 57.00
Food & tobacco 173.00
Iron & steel 7,057.00
Non-ferrous metals 3,391.00
Non-metallic minerals 1,446.00
Non-specified 13,813.00
Paper, pulp & print 365.00
Refining 474.00
Textile & leather 147.00
TOTAL 29,890.00
Back to Chart

2010 [2]

Direct CO2 Emissions Only: 346.90 (Mt) Compare all Countries

Sectoral Contribution

Sector Mt
Agriculture, forestry & fishing 2.70
Autoproducers 9.30
Construction 0.80
Manufacturing 46.40
Mining & quarrying 2.30
Other 1.40
Other Energy Industries 2.30
Public heat & electricity 228.50
Residential 9.00
Services 6.00
Transport 38.20
TOTAL 346.90
See Chart

2010 [3]

Sub-sector Contribution to Manufacturing Industry

Sector Mt
Chemicals 2.30
Equipment & machinery 0.10
Food & tobacco 0.10
Iron & steel 19.60
Non-Ferrous Metals 0.00
Non-Metallic Minerals 3.40
Other 9.40
Other Energy Industries 2.30
Paper & printing 0.10
Textile & leather 0.00
Wood 0.00
TOTAL 37.30
Back to Chart

2010 [3]

Total CO2 Emissions: 369.40 (Mt)

Sectoral Contribution

Sector Mt
Manufacturing and construction 178.90
Other energy industries 17.50
Other sectors 55.40
Residential 63.80
Transport 53.80
TOTAL 369.40
See Chart

2009 [4]

References

[1] OECD statistics, 2013, http://stats.oecd.org/index.aspx

[2] IEA Statistics: Energy Balances © OECD/International Energy Agency, 2013.

[3] IEA Statistics: CO2 Emissions from Fuel Combustion © OECD/International Energy Agency, 2013.

[4] IEA, CO2 emissions from fuel combustion, 2009. On-line data service, 2011 edition.