Thailand

Policy Pyramid

Policy Timeline

Previous Next

Policy Categorization

Administrative

TH-1: Energy Conservation Promotion (ENCON) Act

Policy Sub-Type:   ·  Policy Pyramid:

TH-2: Energy Conservation (ENCON) Program

Policy Sub-Type:   ·  Policy Pyramid:

TH-3: Thailand 20-Year Energy Efficiency Development Plan (2011 - 2030) (EEDP)

Policy Sub-Type:   ·  Policy Pyramid:

TH-4: Energy Efficiency Resource Standards (EERS)

Policy Sub-Type: Standards  ·  Policy Pyramid:

Economic

TH-5: Energy Conservation Promotion Fund (ENCON Fund)

Policy Sub-Type: Incentives & Subsidies  ·  Policy Pyramid:

TH-6: Tax incentives

Policy Sub-Type: Incentives & Subsidies  ·  Policy Pyramid:

TH-7: ESCO Fund

Policy Sub-Type: Incentives & Subsidies  ·  Policy Pyramid:

TH-8: Energy Efficiency Revolving Fund (EERF)

Policy Sub-Type: Incentives & Subsidies  ·  Policy Pyramid:

Information & Outreach

TH-9: Thailand Energy Awards

Policy Sub-Type:   ·  Policy Pyramid:

Main Industry Characteristics

Thailand’s overall energy consumption has been increasing at an annual rate of between 4 and 5% over the past 20 years [1], in line with economic growth. Energy consumption in the industrial sector tripled from 1990 to 2010 and represents about 36% of total economy-wide energy consumption. The next biggest energy consuming sector is transport, at 35%. According to the IEA, total CO2 emissions were 228 million tons in 2009, with manufacturing, public electricity and heating and transport being the dominant sectors with 32%, 30% and 24% respectively. Within manufacturing, the majority of emissions (58%) came from the non-metallic minerals sub-sector.

Industrial energy consumption is predicted to grow substantially over the next 20 years in the business-as-usual (BAU) case, and at a higher rate than other sectors, reaching an estimated 41% of total economy wide energy consumption by 2030. Therefore improving energy efficiency in the industrial sector would contribute substantially to reducing overall energy consumption and GHG emissions in Thailand.

National Gross Domestic Product: 6,801,625.00 (Billion Thai Baths (THB)) Compare all Countries

Sectoral Contribution

Sector Billion Thai Baths (THB)
Agriculture, Forestry, and Fishing 823,100.00
Commercial 212,151.00
Construction 223,714.00
Manufacturing 2,326,289.00
Mining and Quarrying 222,547.00
Public utilities, other services 1,122,400.00
Trade, transport 1,871,424.00
TOTAL 6,801,625.00
See Chart

2005 [1]

Final Energy Consumption: 84,688.00 (ktoe) Compare all Countries

Sectoral Contribution

Sector ktoe
Agriculture, forestry, fishing 3,473.00
Construction 169.00
Industry 26,465.00
Mining and quarrying 18.00
Other 18,181.00
Residential 11,286.00
Services 5,603.00
Transport 19,493.00
TOTAL 84,688.00
See Chart

2010 [2]

Sub-sector Contribution to Manufacturing Industry

Sector Ktoe
Chemicals 2,067.00
Equipment & machinery 1,508.00
Food & tobacco 5,802.00
Iron & steel 1,292.00
Non-ferrous metals 0.00
Non-metallic minerals 9,051.00
Non-specified 5,538.00
Paper, pulp & print 267.00
Refining 160.00
Textile & leather 780.00
TOTAL 26,465.00
Back to Chart

2010 [2]

Primary Energy Consumption: 98,334.00 (ktoe) Compare all Countries

Sectoral Contribution

Sector ktoe
Agriculture, forestry, fishing 3,504.00
Construction 169.00
Industry 32,311.00
Mining and quarrying 18.00
Other 18,181.00
Residential 14,348.00
Services 10,303.00
Transport 19,500.00
TOTAL 98,334.00
See Chart

2010 [2]

Sub-sector Contribution to Manufacturing Industry

Sector ktoe
Chemicals 3,054.00
Equipment & machinery 2,848.00
Food & tobacco 6,872.00
Iron & steel 1,913.00
Non-ferrous metals 0.00
Non-metallic minerals 9,626.00
Non-specified 5,885.00
Paper, pulp & print 467.00
Refining 160.00
Textile & leather 1,486.00
TOTAL 32,311.00
Back to Chart

2010 [2]

Direct CO2 Emissions Only: 248.60 (Mt) Compare all Countries

Sectoral Contribution

Sector Mt
Agriculture, forestry & fishing 10.60
Autoproducers 7.10
Construction 0.50
Manufacturing 77.20
Mining & quarrying 0.10
Other 0.00
Other Energy Industries 15.50
Public heat & electricity 74.70
Residential 4.40
Services 3.10
Transport 55.40
TOTAL 248.60
See Chart

2010 [3]

Sub-sector Contribution to Manufacturing Industry

Sector Mt
Chemicals 2.90
Equipment & machinery 0.70
Food & tobacco 3.60
Iron & steel 2.20
Non-ferrous metals 0.00
Non-Metallic Minerals 32.00
Other 6.50
Other Energy Industries 15.50
Paper & printing 0.30
Textile & leather 0.30
Wood 0.10
TOTAL 64.10
Back to Chart

2010 [3]

Total CO2 Emissions: 227.70 (Mt)

Sectoral Contribution

Sector Mt
Manufacturing and construction 104.90
Other energy industries 6.70
Other sectors 39.80
Residential 21.70
Transport 54.60
TOTAL 227.70
See Chart

2009 [4]

References

[1] Groningen Growth and Development Centre, June 2007, http://www.ggdc.net/, de Vries and Timmer (2007), 10-sector database (data for 2005).

[2] IEA Statistics: Energy Balances © OECD/International Energy Agency, 2013.

[3] IEA Statistics: CO2 Emissions from Fuel Combustion © OECD/International Energy Agency, 2013.

[4] IEA, CO2 emissions from fuel combustion, 2009. On-line data service, 2011 edition.