United States (Federal)

Policy Pyramid

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Administrative

US-1a: Greenhouse Gas Permitting (under the Clean Air Act)

Policy Sub-Type:   ·  Policy Pyramid:

US-4a: Save Energy Now LEADER (replaced by US-4b Better Buildings, Better Plants Program)

Policy Sub-Type: Voluntary Agreement  ·  Policy Pyramid:

US-6: Energy Star for Industry Program

Policy Sub-Type: Voluntary Agreement  ·  Policy Pyramid:

US-8: Climate Leaders (ended in 2011)

Policy Sub-Type: Voluntary Agreement  ·  Policy Pyramid:

US-9: Climate VISION

Policy Sub-Type: Voluntary Agreement  ·  Policy Pyramid:

US-5: Superior Energy Performance

Policy Sub-Type:   ·  Policy Pyramid:

US-4b: Better Buildings, Better Plants

Policy Sub-Type: Voluntary Agreement  ·  Policy Pyramid:

US-1b: New Source Performance Standards (under the Clean Air Act)

Policy Sub-Type: Standards  ·  Policy Pyramid:

US-15: Greenhouse Gas Reporting Program

Policy Sub-Type:   ·  Policy Pyramid:

US-1c: Boiler MACT (under the Clean Air Act)

Policy Sub-Type: Standards  ·  Policy Pyramid:

US-3: Electric Motor Efficiency Standards

Policy Sub-Type: Standards  ·  Policy Pyramid:

Economic

US-12: Business Energy Investment Tax Credit (ITC)

Policy Sub-Type: Incentives & Subsidies  ·  Policy Pyramid:

US-13: Modified Accelerated Cost-Recovery System (MACRS)

Policy Sub-Type: Incentives & Subsidies  ·  Policy Pyramid:

US-14: Loan Guarantee Program

Policy Sub-Type: Incentives & Subsidies  ·  Policy Pyramid:

Information & Outreach

US-10: E3: Economy - Energy - Environment

Policy Sub-Type:   ·  Policy Pyramid:

US-2: Executive Order 13624

Policy Sub-Type:   ·  Policy Pyramid:

US-11: State and Local Energy Efficiency Action Network (SEE Action)

Policy Sub-Type:   ·  Policy Pyramid:

US-7: Combined Heat and Power (CHP) Partnership

Policy Sub-Type: Voluntary Agreement  ·  Policy Pyramid:

US-16: Industrial Assessment Centers (IACs)

Policy Sub-Type:   ·  Policy Pyramid:

17: Advanced Manufacturing Partnership

Policy Sub-Type: Information & Outreach  ·  Policy Pyramid:

External Resources

DOE Advanced Manufacturing Office - Industrial Technical Assistance (PDF | 0.36mb)

US Department of Energy, 2013 A fact-sheet on how the deployment of energy efficient manufacturing technologies and practices, including strategic energy management and combined heat and power, across American industry is supported through training programs, site assessments, and standards development.

Trends in Industial Energy Efficiency Programs: today's leaders and directions for the future (PDF | 0.23mb)

ACEEE, 2009 This paper discusses the history of industrial energy efficiency programs, what we know about how industrial firms make energy efficiency investments, the current state of industrial energy efficiency programs, and future issues and challenges facing such programs.

An Overview of U.S. Federal Government Industrial Energy Efficiency Programs 2005-2011 (PDF | 1.34mb)

Griffith C., 2012 This report briefly describes the U.S. federal government’s recent efforts to achieve greater energy efficiency in its industrial sector, which accounts for about one-third of all energy use in the United States. Most of these programs were developed, either in whole or in part, by the Industrial Technologies Program at the U.S. Department of Energy, which has now merged into the Advanced Manufacturing Office.

Can the U.S. Get There from Here? Using Existing Federal Laws and State Action to Reduce Greenhouse Gas Emissions (PDF | 4.01mb)

World Resources Institute, 2013 This report examines opportunities to reduce greenhouse gas emissions in the United States through actions taken at the federal and state levels without the need for new legislation from the U.S. Congress.

Main Industry Characteristics

Energy production and transport represent a large share of GHG emissions, both compared to other industries and compared to other OECD countries.

Overall, energy use and CO2 emissions per unit of GDP in the US industry is higher than in most OECD countries
Developments between sectors however vary largely. Heavy industry has lowered its intensity whereas transport, energy, residential and services have not seen much efficiency improvement. This seems to be the main reason the US focuses its GHG policies on transport and buildings.

 

National Gross Domestic Product: 13,955,100.00 (Mln US Dollars) Compare all Countries

Sectoral Contribution

Sector Mln US Dollars
Agriculture, hunting & fishing 173,800.00
Commercial 4,656,900.00
Construction 521,700.00
Energy 489,800.00
Manufacturing 1,800,500.00
Other services 3,739,900.00
Trade, transport 2,572,500.00
TOTAL 13,955,100.00
See Chart

2011 [1]

Sub-sector Contribution to Manufacturing Industry

Sector millions of US Dollars
Basic metals 163.00
Chemicals 226.00
Equipment & machinery 575.00
Food & tobacco 207.00
Fuel production 171.00
Rubber, plastics, and other non-metallic minerals 101.00
Textile 27.00
Wood and paper products 110.00
TOTAL 1,580.00
Back to Chart

2010 [2]

Final Energy Consumption: 1,500,956.00 (ktoe) Compare all Countries

Sectoral Contribution

Sector ktoe
Agriculture, forestry, fishing 15,994.00
Construction 1,283.00
Industry 289,292.00
Mining and quarrying 2,107.00
Other 134,636.00
Residential 268,277.00
Services 205,924.00
Transport 583,443.00
TOTAL 1,500,956.00
See Chart

2010 [3]

Sub-sector Contribution to Manufacturing Industry

Sector ktoe
Chemicals 70,630.00
Equipment & machinery 30,856.00
Food & tobacco 31,056.00
Iron & steel 27,048.00
Non-ferrous metals 12,742.00
Non-metallic minerals 25,429.00
Non-specified 27,295.00
Paper, pulp & print 52,561.00
Refining 6,022.00
Textile & leather 5,651.00
TOTAL 289,290.00
Back to Chart

2010 [3]

Primary Energy Consumption: 2,223,204.00 (ktoe) Compare all Countries

Sectoral Contribution

Sector ktoe
Agriculture, forestry, fishing 15,994.00
Construction 1,283.00
Industry 662,666.00
Mining and quarrying 4,478.00
Other 134,636.00
Residential 408,154.00
Services 411,804.00
Transport 584,189.00
TOTAL 2,223,204.00
See Chart

2010 [3]

Sub-sector Contribution to Manufacturing Industry

Sector ktoe
Chemicals 272,170.00
Equipment & machinery 58,089.00
Food & tobacco 71,010.00
Iron & steel 45,130.00
Non-ferrous metals 26,014.00
Non-metallic minerals 29,562.00
Non-specified 46,971.00
Paper, pulp & print 90,905.00
Refining 6,022.00
Textile & leather 16,792.00
TOTAL 662,665.00
Back to Chart

2010 [3]

Direct CO2 Emissions Only: 5,368.70 (Mt) Compare all Countries

Sectoral Contribution

Sector Mt
Agriculture, forestry & fishing 47.10
Autoproducers 65.70
Construction 3.70
Manufacturing 583.40
Mining & quarrying 0.00
Other 0.00
Other Energy Industries 262.00
Public heat & electricity 2,244.00
Residential 321.70
Services 219.40
Transport 1,621.70
TOTAL 5,368.70
See Chart

2010 [4]

Sub-sector Contribution to Manufacturing Industry

Sector Mt
Chemicals 122.00
Equipment & machinery 41.90
Food & tobacco 62.00
Iron & steel 49.30
Non-Ferrous Metals 14.10
Non-Metallic Minerals 63.60
Other 28.80
Other Energy Industries 262.00
Paper & printing 58.80
Textile & leather 7.70
Wood 14.70
TOTAL 724.90
Back to Chart

2010 [4]

Total CO2 Emissions: 5,596.00 (Mt)

Sectoral Contribution

Sector Mt
Manufacturing & construction 1,220.00
Other energy industries 336.80
Other sectors 1,183.00
Residential 1,160.00
Transport 1,696.20
TOTAL 5,596.00
See Chart

2008 [5]

References

[1] OECD statistics, 2013, http://stats.oecd.org/index.aspx

[2] EU KLEMS, 2012, http://www.euklems.net/

[3] IEA Statistics: Energy Balances © OECD/International Energy Agency, 2013.

[4] IEA Statistics: CO2 Emissions from Fuel Combustion © OECD/International Energy Agency, 2013.

[5] IEA Energy Statistics © OECD/International Energy Agency, 2010. CO2 emissions from fuel combustion extract.