China

CN-11:Boiler Action Plan

Policy Description

On October 29, 2014, the Chinese government released the “Comprehensive Implementation Plan for Improving Energy Savings and Environmental Performance of Coal-Fired Boilers (燃煤锅炉节能环保综合提升工程实施方案)”.  This Boiler Action Plan was jointed released by the National Development and Reform Commission, Ministry of Environmental Protection, Ministry of Finance, General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine, Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, National Government Offices Administration, and the National Energy Administration. It is the first time that the Chinese government outlined a comprehensive plan to focus on industrial boilers. 

Description

The Boiler Action Plan aims to promote high energy-efficiency boilers with a total capacity of 500,000 tonnes of steam production/hour, and increase the share of high-efficiency coal-fired boilers from the current share of less than 5% to a share of 40% in the market by 2018 (MIIT, 2014). The Boiler Action Plan also includes targets to phase out obsolete coal-fired boilers with a total capacity of 400,000 tonnes (of steam production per hour) by 2018. The Plan also sets a target of increasing the average operating efficiency of industrial coal-fired boilers by six percentage points from the 2013 efficiency level by 2018 (MIIT, 2014).

The Chinese government outlined key measures to improve the efficiency of industrial boilers, including:

  • information dissemination, technology catalogues, and tax incentives;
  • phasing out obsolete boilers that produce less than 10 tonnes of steam/hour;
  • retrofits of high efficiency boilers and retrocommissioning of existing boilers through combustion optimization;
  • implementing low temperature waste heat recovery, solar preheating, controls, and condensing recovery technologies;
  • improving system operation efficiency through energy assessment, benchmarking, and training;
  • increasing pollution controls through installing pollution control equipment;
  • developing the boiler industry through increased research and development (R&D);
  • improving fuel quality and encouraging fuel switching in boilers. 

Policy Information Expand this section for information on the key features of the policy, such as its date of introduction, categorization, main objective(s) and linkages with other policies.

Policy Categorisation

Policy Instrument Type: Administrative, Information & Outreach

Position in the Pyramid

About Us

Participation: Mandatory

Period

Start Date: 2014

End Date: 2018

Policy Linkages

Supported By Financial Rewards for Energy-Saving Technical Retrofits Supporting Measure
Supported By Energy Performance Contracting and Energy Service Companies (ESCOs) Supporting Measure
Supports Energy and Carbon Intensity Targets of the 12th Five Year Plan Effort Defining
Supports Top-10,000 Energy-Consuming Enterprises Program Effort Defining
Supports Small Plant Closures and Phasing Out of Outdated Capacity Effort Defining

Agencies Responsible

National Development and Reform Commission
Former State Environmental Protection Agency (Now the Ministry of Environment Protection)

Primary Objective: Energy

Objective

Improve industrial boiler energy-efficiency and reduce air pollution from industrial boilers

Target Group

industrial boilers

Driver of energy consumption or emissions affected by policy: Relative efficiency, fuel mix, technology implementation rate

Implementation Information Expand this section for information on targets, monitoring, verification and enforcement regimes, and implementation requirements and tools.

Coverage

see Target Group

Quantitative Target? yes

Target: By 2018: promote high efficiency boilers with a total capacity of 500,000 tonnes/hour; increase the market penetration rate of high efficiency coal-fired boilers from the current share of 5% to a share of 40%; phase out obsolete coal-fired boilers with a total capacity of 400,000 tonnes/hour; complete high efficiency boiler retrofits with a total capacity of 400,000 tonnes/hour; and increase average operating efficiency of coal-fired industrial boilers by 6% from the 2013 level.

Time Period: 2014-2018

Progress Monitored? yes

Monitoring Done By

Organisation Type Organisation Name
Government Agency National Development and Reform Commission
Government Agency Former State Environmental Protection Agency (Now the Ministry of Environment Protection)

Verification Required? no

Verification Done By

Organisation Type Organisation Name
Government Agency Former State Environmental Protection Agency (Now the Ministry of Environment Protection)
Government Agency National Development and Reform Commission
Government Agency Ministry of Industry and Information Technology

Enforced? yes

Requirements on the Target Group

see full descriptions

Support by Government

  • National Development and Reform Commission: promoting high-efficiency boilers and boiler energy-efficiency retrofits
  • Ministry of Environmental Protection and Ministry of Industry and Information Technology: air pollution from boilers, and phasing out obsolete boilers
  • Ministry of Industry and Information Technology: promotion,  deployment, and commercialization of high-efficient boilers manufacturing
  • General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine: standardization, testing, and supervision
  • National Energy Administration: energy mix structure optimization (fuel switching)
  • National Government Offices Administration: improving boiler energy efficiency in public/government buildings 

Implementation Toolbox

  • Information dissemination, technology catalogues
  • Energy efficiency standards on industrial boilers
  • Air emission standards for industrial boilers
  • Evaluation standards for boiler efficiency
  • Encourage use of energy performance contracting for boiler retrofit
  • Industries are encouraged to achieve the goals through a combination of government mandates (e.g., phasing out inefficient boilers), standards on energy efficiency and emissions, supervision and incentives, and energy efficiency retrofits.  

Impacts, Costs & Benefits Expand this section to find information on policy effectiveness and efficiency.

Impact Quantitative Estimate Qualitative Estimate
Estimated effect on energy consumption or emissions
Estimated costs/benefits for industry save 40 million tonnes of coal equivalent per year, reducing 1 million tonnes of soot, 1.28 million tonnes of SO2, and 0.24 million tonnes of NOx per year
Estimated cost for government

References & Footnotes

References

[1] Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT). 2014. “Seven governmental agencies jointly releasing the Comprehensive Implementation Plan of Improving Coal-Fired Boiler Energy-Saving and Environmental Protection Performance”, October 29. [Chinese text]. http://www.miit.gov.cn/n11293472/n11293832/n11293907/n11368223/16241288.html