Russia

RU-1:Climate Change Doctrine of the Russian Federation for the period up to 2020

Policy Description

The Climate Change Doctrine (Decree # 730-р), which was passed into law on 17 December 2009, serves as the foundation for the development and implementation of future climate policy in Russia.

High-level actions that will be undertaken to develop and implement this policy include establishing regulatory frameworks; developing economic mechanisms to support the implementation of adaptation and GHG mitigation measures (including the possible use of market mechanisms); increasing scientific and other knowledge such as personnel needed to support implementation of actions (observation systems, impact assessments, methodology development, training, etc.) and cooperating internationally regarding adaptation and mitigation measures.

Description

The Climate Change Doctrine (Decree # 730-р) [1], which was passed into law on 17 December 2009, serves as the foundation for the development and implementation of future climate policy in Russia. The Doctrine serves as a blueprint to:

  • harmonise domestic climate-related legislation with international standards (UNFCCC and other international agreements of the Russian Federation),
  • improve climate monitoring,
  • stimulate the adoption of stronger environmental standards as well as energy-efficiency and energy-saving measures, and
  • encourage the use of alternative energy sources (including renewables).

 

High-level actions that will be undertaken to develop and implement this policy include establishing regulatory frameworks; developing economic mechanisms to support the implementation of adaptation and GHG mitigation measures (including the possible use of market mechanisms); increasing scientific and other knowledge such as personnel needed to support implementation of actions (observation systems, impact assessments, methodology development, training, etc.) and cooperating internationally regarding adaptation and mitigation measures.

 

The Climate Change Doctrine will be implemented on the basis of action plans at a federal, regional and sectoral level. Federal authorities will be responsible for the development of financial incentives for technology development and deployment, including energy-efficient and energy-saving technologies as well as renewable energy technologies across various industrial and other sectors. Enterprises will be responsible for implementing measures to improve the energy efficiency of heat and power generation, transport, buildings and industrial facilities.

 

The integrated plan for implementation of the Climate Change Doctrine was approved on 25th April 2011 [2]. It provides a broad range of measures, with those specifically relevant to industrial energy efficiency including:

  • Increased measurement of energy consumption for all industrial consumers
  • Development of key performance indicators and benchmarks for energy efficiency and specific energy consumption
  • Development and implementation of cross-sectoral strategies to limit GHG emissions
  • Limitation of GHG emissions in energy and industry sectors
  • Increase in use of cogeneration (heat and power) technology
  • Development and implementation of measures to modernize technologies and equipment for the production of basic chemicals (ammonia and petroleum products)
  • Development and implementation of measures to modernize blast furnaces
  • Development and implementation of measures to improve energy efficiency of existing technologies of cement production.

 

Annual reports on progress on implementation of the Action Plan are to be submitted to:

  • The Ministry of Natural Resources – submitted by Ministries of Economic Development, Regional Development, Health Care and Social Development, Agriculture, Energy, Industry and Trade, and Transportation, the Federal Agency for Forestry, the Federal Service on Hydrometeorology and Environmental Monitoring, and the State Corporation on Nuclear Energy “Rosatom”
  • The Government of the Russian Federation (summary annual report) – submitted by Ministry of Natural Resources, which has an overall co-ordinating role (*1)

Policy Information Expand this section for information on the key features of the policy, such as its date of introduction, categorization, main objective(s) and linkages with other policies.

Policy Categorisation

Policy Instrument Type: Administrative

Position in the Pyramid

About Us

Participation: Mandatory

Period

Start Date: 2011

End Date: 2020

Policy Linkages

Supported By Federal target-oriented Programme “Energy saving and increase of energy efficiency for the period till 2020” Effort Defining
Supported By Federal law on energy conservation and energy efficiency Effort Defining

Agencies Responsible

Eight ministries, amongst others: Natural Resources, Economic Development, Agriculture, Energy, and Industry and Trade
Federal Agency for Forestry, and Federal Service on Hydrometeorology and Environmental Monitoring
State Corporation on Nuclear Energy “Rosatom”

Primary Objective: GHG Emissions

Objective

­Emissions,­ Climate change, International cooperation.

Target Group

Most economic sectors.

Driver of energy consumption or emissions affected by policy: Total emissions, Specific energy consumption, Carbon intensity, Knowledge level.

Implementation Information Expand this section for information on targets, monitoring, verification and enforcement regimes, and implementation requirements and tools.

Coverage

70% of total Russian energy consumption is covered with a focus on industry, transport, commercial and residential buildings, excluding parts of municipal consumers.

Quantitative Target? no

Progress Monitored? yes

Verification Required? no

Enforced? no

Sanctions: N/a (there are no sanctions in the Doctrine, because it is a high level framework policy document).

Requirements on the Target Group

The Doctrine provides a broad range of measures. Those specifically relevant to industrial energy efficiency include:

  • Increased measurement of energy consumption 
  • Development of key performance indicators and benchmarks for energy efficiency and specific energy consumption 
  • Limitation of GHG emissions
  • Increase in use of cogeneration (heat and power) technology
  • Development and implementation of measures to modernize production of basic chemicals (ammonia and petroleum products); modernize blast furnaces and improve energy efficiency of existing technologies of cement production.

Support by Government

  • Financial incentives for technology development and deployment
  • Tools and guidance for renewable energy project implementation

Implementation Toolbox

N/a – this is a high-level framework policy. ‘Implementation Toolbox’ would be relevant to the specific forthcoming policies that arise out of the Doctrine.

Complexity of Implementation

Government

This complex, integrated policy framework is a relatively new practice in Russia. There are concerns over the degree of experience within government for implementing such programmes as well as its legal status.

Target Group

­This will be specific to each individual policy initiative to arise from the overall Doctrine. These are all at an early stage of development and therefore it is too early to predict the degree of complexity.

Impacts, Costs & Benefits Expand this section to find information on policy effectiveness and efficiency.

Impact Quantitative Estimate Qualitative Estimate
Estimated effect on energy consumption or emissions ­No quantitative target on energy consumption or emissions ­Adapt the most GHG emissions intensive industrial sectors in Russia to achieve world standards of GHG emissions intensity by 2020, by development and implementation of a number of measures aimed at reducing CO2 emission levels.
Estimated costs/benefits for industry n/a n/a
Estimated cost for government n/a n/a

References & Footnotes

References

[1] http://climatechange.ru/node/475 Link to download the text of document in Russian

[2] http://government.ru/gov/results/15045/ official published confirmation of program start

Footnotes

(*1) Executive authorities (Ministries of Economic Development, Regional Development, Health Care and Social Development, Agriculture, Energy, Industry and Trade, and Transportation, the Federal Agency for Forestry, the Federal Service on Hydrometeorology and Environmental Monitoring, and the State Corporation on Nuclear Energy “Rosatom”) submit annual reports to the Ministry of natural resources and then the Ministry of Natural recourses submits summary annual report to the Government