Finland

FI-5:Energy Audit Programme

Policy Description

The EAP is a voluntary programme supported by a 40% to 50% subsidy by the Ministry of Employment and Economy. Participants cover the remaining costs.

Description

The Energy Audit Programme (EAP) is one of Finland’s longest standing energy efficiency grant schemes, having been in place since 1992 [1].

The EAP is a voluntary programme supported by a 40% to 50% subsidy by the Ministry of Employment and Economy [1] (participants cover the remaining costs). The Energy Department of the Ministry of Employment and Economy (the MEE) is the administrator of the programme [2]. The implementation and operation of the EAP is run by Motiva Oy (the Operating Agent), a state owned company [1]. Its duties include the promotion of audit activities, development of auditing models, monitoring, the training of energy auditors and the quality assurance of audits [2].

Audits are carried out mainly by private consulting companies, which send all audit reports to Motiva Oy. Motiva Oy systematically controls the quality of the first audits undertaken by newly certified auditors and also regularly controls the quality of audits through representative sampling.

Coverage of the EAP by the end of year 2007 was approximately 70% of industrial electricity use; the coverage in heat and fuels was estimated to be a little lower [1]. The level of coverage of the programme has kept increasing since then. By the end of 2011, virtually all energy use in industry had been audited   at least once, representing 155,6 TWh of industrial energy demand (of which 43,5 TWh of electricity) [3].

Policy Information Expand this section for information on the key features of the policy, such as its date of introduction, categorization, main objective(s) and linkages with other policies.

Policy Categorisation

Policy Instrument Type: Administrative, Voluntary Agreement, Economic, Incentives & Subsidies

Position in the Pyramid

About Us

Participation: Voluntary

Period

Start Date: 1992

Policy Linkages

Supports Energy Efficiency Agreements Effort Defining

Agencies Responsible

Ministry of Employment and the Economy
Motiva Oy
Ministry of the Environment

Primary Objective: Energy

Objective

The purpose of energy auditing is to analyse the energy use of the facility being audited, to work out the potential for energy savings and present a profitability calculation of proposed saving measures [1].

Target Group

Industry, buildings, commercial/services

Driver of energy consumption or emissions affected by policy: Energy efficiency and carbon dioxide emission reductions within industrial companies in the broad sense.

Implementation Information Expand this section for information on targets, monitoring, verification and enforcement regimes, and implementation requirements and tools.

Coverage

Coverage of the EAP by the end of year 2007 was approximately 70% of industrial electricity use; the coverage in heat and fuels was estimated to be a little lower [1]. The level of coverage of the programme has kept increasing since then. By the end of 2011 virtually all energy use in industry had been audited at least once, representing 155,6 TWh of industrial energy demand (of which 43,5 TWh of electricity) [3]

Quantitative Target? no

Progress Monitored? yes

Verification Required? yes

Enforced? no

Requirements on the Target Group

  • All industry is eligible for the audit subsidy.
  • The same company/site can reapply for the subsidy three years after the previous audit.
  • When applying for a subsidy, the company has to state the auditor that will carry out the work.

Support by Government

Motiva Oy (State owned company) provides detailed auditing guidelines, auditor training and authorisation (*2) and carries out promotion activities [4].

Implementation Toolbox

Tools for auditors:

  • ­ MOTIWATTI 2.0 software: calculation and reporting software for auditors, freeware to auditors attending training
  • Energy Auditors handbook: Available for auditors that passed the training.
  • Best practice examples (in Finnish): http://www.motiva.fi/julkaisut/energiakatselmukset/energiakatselmuksesta_kaytantoon 

Impacts, Costs & Benefits Expand this section to find information on policy effectiveness and efficiency.

Impact Quantitative Estimate Qualitative Estimate
Estimated effect on energy consumption or emissions • In industry (energy consumption <500 GWh/a) the average saving potentials in the period 1995 – 2011 are 18% in heat and fuels, 6% in electricity and 7% in water consumption. For the energy intensive industry (>500 GWh/a) the average saving potentials are much lower. The realization rate of the proposed measures in the service sector is approximately 70% and in the industry sector approximately 55 % [5]. • Annual savings in industry sector were EUR 78 million, or 2.8 TWh at the end of 2011. • Cumulative savings from 1992 (start of the audit programme) to 2011 were about EUR 440 million (almost 11 TWh). 70 % of this came from industry [5]
Estimated costs/benefits for industry • Annual savings in industry sector were EUR 78 million, or 2.8 TWh at the end of 2011. • Cumulative savings over the same period were about EUR 230 million (almost 11 TWh). 70 % of this came from industry [5]
Estimated cost for government • In the period 1992-2011, the total amount of governmental support reached EUR 31,5 million, with the total cost of audits being EUR 72 million. At the end of 2011, almost 8,300 buildings used for manufacturing and service production were covered by auditing activities. [5]

References & Footnotes

References

[1] Motiva Oy (2012) website. Available from: http://www.motiva.fi/en/areas_of_operation/energy_auditing/overview_of_energy_auditing_in_finland

[2] Government of Finland (2008). Finnish II National Energy Efficiency Action Plan (NEEAP 2008-2010)

[3] Motiva Oy (2012) website. Available from: http://motiva.fi/files/5366/Energiatehokkuussopimukset_tuloksia_2008-2010.pdf

[4] MURE II Database on Energy Efficiency Policies and Measures (Industry). Available from: http://www.muredatabase.org/public/mure_pdf/industry/FIN3.PDF

[5] Suomi, U (Motiva Oy) (2012). Personal communication. October 2012

Footnotes

(*1) Motiva Oy: its duties include the promotion, development and follow-up of audit activities, as well as training auditors and quality assurance for the audits

(*2) Nearly 1600 experts have been authorised (1994-2010) to operate as Motiva Energy Auditors. Annually, 80-90 such qualifications are awarded in Finland [2]

(*3) Motiva Oy is responsible for monitoring the energy audit volumes and results and for the quality of the reported energy audits [4].