Turkey

TR-2:Energy Efficiency Strategy

Policy Description

The Energy Efficiency Strategy 2012 – 2023 document, approved by Turkey’s High Planning Council on February 27, 2012, sets a long-term target of 20% reduction in energy intensity by 2023 compared to 2011 figures. The strategy document [1] provides a roadmap of energy-efficiency actions for all sectors of Turkey’s economy. It also identifies measurable, concrete policy activities necessary for reaching the targets.

Description

 

The Energy Efficiency Strategy 2012 – 2023 document, approved by Turkey’s High Planning Council on February 27, 2012, sets a long-term target of 20% reduction in energy intensity by 2023 compared to 2011 figures. The strategy document [1] provides a roadmap of energy-efficiency actions for all sectors of Turkey’s economy. It also identifies measurable, concrete policy activities necessary for reaching the targets.

The strategy also establishes an Energy Efficiency Advisory Committee composed of stakeholders from the public and private sectors as well as from non-governmental organizations (NGOs) that will monitor progress and amend the strategy if changes or new actions need to be defined.

The energy intensities in each industry subsector will be decreased by rates determined through sector voluntary agreements but should be at least 10% within 10 years in each subsector. To achieve this goal, the Energy-Efficiency Strategy defines four sub-activities within the industrial and service sectors:

  1. Conducting energy audits to define applicable energy-efficiency measures and their energy-savings potential. Energy audits shall be made in four-year periods with YEGM funding.
  2. Implementing the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) 50001 Energy Management Standard for companies in industrial zones, entering into voluntary agreements, or applying for financial incentives [2]. The ISO 50001 Energy Management Standard has been adopted as the Turkish standard.
  3. Preparing action plans identifying needed efficiency measures, their energy-savings potential, and their cost, based on periodic energy audits. This activity applies to business enterprises consuming five thousand (5,000) TOE annually and to commercial or service buildings with a usage area of more than 20,000 square meters (m2).
  4. Encouraging investment in energy-efficiency measures by establishing additional financial incentive programs.

The strategy will be examined and updated by the Energy-Efficiency Coordination Board every four years.

Policy Information Expand this section for information on the key features of the policy, such as its date of introduction, categorization, main objective(s) and linkages with other policies.

Policy Categorisation

Policy Instrument Type: Administrative

Position in the Pyramid

About Us

Participation: Mandatory

Period

Start Date: 2012

End Date: 2023

Policy Linkages

Supported By Energy Management Training Program Supporting Measure
Supported By Energy Efficiency Support for SMEs Supporting Measure
Supported By Energy Efficiency Awareness Program Supporting Measure
Supported By Energy Efficiency Incentive & Financing Programs Supporting Measure

Agencies Responsible

General Directorate of Renewable Energy (YEGM)

Primary Objective: Energy

Objective

Reducing energy intensity of the industry sector

Target Group

All sectors of the economy. In the industrial sector, the main targets are industrial establishments with 5,000 TOE or more in total annual energy consumption.

Driver of energy consumption or emissions affected by policy: Total energy consumption

Implementation Information Expand this section for information on targets, monitoring, verification and enforcement regimes, and implementation requirements and tools.

Coverage

No specific designation, all energy use in the industrial sector.

Quantitative Target? yes

Target: - The Energy-Efficiency Strategy targets 20% reduction in energy intensity for the entire Turkish economy by 2023 compared to 2011 figures. - Energy intensities in each industry sub-sector shall be decreased at rates determined through sector collaborations and shall be at least 10% for each sub-sector within the 10 years after the publication of the strategy. - Financial mechanisms will be developed to strengthen capacities and incentivize energy-efficiency investment. - The number of certified energy managers will be increased to 5,000, and the number of energy-efficiency consultancy companies within the industrial sector shall be increased to 50 in the country at large by the end of the year 2015.

Time Period: 2013-2023

Progress Monitored? yes

Monitoring Done By

Organisation Type Organisation Name
Government Agency General Directorate of Renewable Energy (YEGM)

Verification Required? no

Enforced? no

Requirements on the Target Group

  • Establishments and business enterprises in the industrial and services sectors are required to establish an energy management unit or nominate an energy manager.
  • In specific industrial zones, industrial establishments must implement the ISO 50001 Energy Management Systems Standard.
  • Enterprises consuming 5,000 TOE annually are required to conduct periodic energy audits and prepare action plans identifying energy-efficiency measures to be implemented and specifying investment costs and energy cost savings.

Support by Government

The strategy is supported by the government with a package of incentives, training, awareness, and monitoring programs involving different actors in the Turkish energy-efficiency community. Additionally, several international project are providing technical support, grants, and loans to help implement the Energy-Efficiency Strategy.

Implementation Toolbox

  • Various national and international seminars, conferences, and workshops have been organized, such as the ISO 50001 Energy Management Standard Workshop, mainly coordinated by the General Directorate of Renewable Energy (YEGM), and the annual Energy Efficiency Forum (as part of TR-7).
  • YEGM has developed and maintains a database of energy consumption information for large users.

Complexity of Implementation

Government

Program is moderately complex. Complexity lies in the specifying energy-intensity targets, determining how to measure progress toward national targets, and at what intervals progress would be reported.

Impacts, Costs & Benefits Expand this section to find information on policy effectiveness and efficiency.

Impact Quantitative Estimate Qualitative Estimate
Estimated effect on energy consumption or emissions Between 2009 to 2013, 24 voluntary agreements were made with industrial establishments to reduce their energy intensity at least 10% on average for three years [2]. Not available.
Estimated costs/benefits for industry Not available. Not available.
Estimated cost for government Not available. Not available.

References & Footnotes

References

[1] Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources. 2012. Energy-Efficiency Strategy. Retrieved from: http://www.eie.gov.tr/verimlilik/document/Energy_Efficiency_Strategy_Paper.pdf

[2] Energy Charter Secretariat. 2014. In-Depth Energy Efficiency Policy Review of the Republic of Turkey. http://www.encharter.org/fileadmin/user_upload/Publications/Turkey_EE_2014_ENG.pdf

[3] World Bank ESMAP. 2015. Republic of Turkey Institutional Review of Energy Efficiency in Turkey. http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2015/03/24337799/institutional-review-energy-efficiency-turkey