China

CN-4:Industrial Energy Performance Standards

Policy Description

Industrial energy performance standards set minimum allowable energy efficiency values for existing plants and newly constructed plants, taking into account different types of raw materials, fuels, and capacities. Aside from the mandatory minimum energy efficiency standards a set of voluntary, more advanced, “reach standards” have been established.

Description

Industrial energy performance standards set minimum allowable energy efficiency values for existing plants and newly constructed plants, taking into account different types of raw materials, fuels, and capacities [5]. Aside from the mandatory minimum energy efficiency standards a set of voluntary, more advanced, “reach standards” have been established. 

 






Sector Standard Product/Process/Size Unit Minimum Existing New Plants Minimum Advanced Minimum
Cement GB 16780-2007 2,000-4,000 tpd kgce/t  109 100 97
Steel GB 21256-2007 BF-BOF kgce/t  502 468 407
    EAF kgce/t  92 90 88
Copper GB 21248-2007  Crude kgce/t  800 530 340
    Anode kgce/t  850 580 390
    Electrolysis kgce/t  220 170 130
    Copper smelting kgce/t  950 700 550
Caustic soda GB 21257-2008 Liquid  kgce/t 600 490 490
Ferroalloys GB 21341-2008  Ferrosilicon kgce/t 1980 1910 1850
    Electric Furnace Ferromanganese kgce/t 790 710 670
    Ferromanganese silicoll kgce/t 1030 990 950
    High Carbon Ferrochrome kgce/t 900 810 740
    Blast Furnace Ferromanganese kgce/t 1250 1220 1180
Coke GB 21342-2008    kgce/t 165 135 125
Calcium Carbide GB 21343-2008    kgce/t 1200 1100 1050
Ceramics GB 21252-2007  Sanitary kgce/t 800 700 550
    Building kgce/t 300 260 220
Zinc smelting GB 21249-2007  Zinc pyrometallurgy  kgce/t 2200 2100 1900
    Zinc hydrometallurgy w/residue treatment process  kgce/t 1850 1700 1200
    Zinc hydrometallurgy w/out residue treatment process  kgce/t 1200 1050 1000
Lead smelting GB 21250-2007  Lead bullion process kgce/t 460 400 330
    Electrolytic lead refining kgce/t 170 140 120
    Lead smelting kgce/t 650 540 470
Yellow Phosphorus GB 21345-2008    kgce/t 3600 3200 3000
Synthetic Ammonia GB 21344-2008  Coal kgce/t 1900 1500 1500
    Natural gas and coke-oven gas kgce/t 1650 1150 1150
Flat Glass GB 21340-2008    kgce/weight case 18.5 16.5 16.5
Magnesium Smelting GB 21347-2008    kgce/t 8300 7500 5600
Copper and Copper-Alloy Tube  GB 21350-2008  Copper tube kgce/t 375 355 345
    Simple brass tube kgce/t 400 370 355
    Complicated brass tube  kgce/t 600 570 550
    Bronze tube kgce/t 600 490 480
    Copper-nickel tube kgce/t 600 520 510
Nickel Smelting GB 21251-2007  High nickel sulfur kgce/t 1100 850 680
    Electrolysis  kgce/t 1350 N/A 1100
    Nickel refining  kgce/t 2050 1910 1550
    Nickel smelting kgce/t 5530 4600 3700
Electrolyzed aluminium  GB 21346-2008  Liquid aluminium  kWh/t 14400 13800 13500
    Aluminium ingots kWh/t 14300 14300 14000
    Aluminium ingots resmelting  tce/t 1.9 1.85 1.8
Aluminium alloy  GB 21351-2008           
Base materials    Circular ingots kgce/t 160 150 140
    Feedstock for furnaces kgce/t 410 370 340
Finished products   Base materials  kgce/t 180 170 160
    Circular ingots kgce/t 340 320 300
    Feedstock for furnaces kgce/t 590 540 500
Tin Smelting  GB 21348-2008  Presmelting treatment kgce/t 55 45 35
    Fusion  kgce/t 1100 900 800
    Refining  kgce/t 240 190 140
    Slag smelting  kgce/t 1000 850 750
Coal-fired power plants GB 21258-2007  Supercritical  gce/kWh 320 300 300
    Subcritical (600MW) gce/kWh 330 300 319
    Subcritical (300MW) gce/kWh 340 300 317
    Super-high pressure  gce/kWh 375 309 355
    High pressure  gce/kWh 395 309  
Antimony smelting  GB 21349-2008           
Antimony sulfide ore    Crude smelting  kgce/t 720 660 600
    Refining  kgce/t 460 430 390
    Antimony sulfide concentrates smelting  kgce/t 1440 1320 1200
Oxysulfide antimony ore    Crude smelting  kgce/t 1150 1050 960
    Refining  kgce/t 460 430 390
    Oxysulfide mixed with antimony concentrates smelting  kgce/t 1820 1660 1520
 Jamesonite    Crude smelting  kgce/t 1200 1080 1020
    Slag smelting  kgce/t 610 550 520
    Refining  kgce/t 520 460 400
    Jamesonite smelting  kgce/t 2350 2120 2000
Carbon materials  GB 21370-2008           
Graphite electrode   General power graphite electrode kgce/t 4600 4150 3960
    High power graphite electrode kgce/t 5650 5160 4860
    Ultra high power graphite electrode  kgce/t 6600 5990 5650
Charcoal electrode   Diameter ≤1000mm kgce/t 1150 1050 980
    Diameter >1000mm kgce/t 2050 1820 1670
Carbon block    General carbon block  kgce/t 1400 1300 1200
    (Semi) graphitic carbon block kgce/t 1650 1450 1300
    Microporous carbon block kgce/t 1850 1650 1520
Baking   Product diameter ≤500mm kgce/t 580 480 440
    500mm<product diamter≤1000mm kgce/t 660 550 510
    Product diameter >1000mm kgce/t 1450 1200 1100
Graphite-making   General power graphite electrode kgce/t 2700 2460 2400
    High power graphite electrode kgce/t 2970 2700 2640
    Ultra high power graphite electrode  kgce/t 3100 2830 2760

Source: General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine (AQSIQ), and the Standardization Administration of China (SAC)

Monitoring and evaluation will have three phases: self-evaluation, local supervision, and national-level spot checking.
The enforcement method remains unclear in case the plants do not meet their targets. However, it may become more explicit under the 12th FYP (Five Year Plan) (2011-2015).

Policy Information Expand this section for information on the key features of the policy, such as its date of introduction, categorization, main objective(s) and linkages with other policies.

Policy Categorisation

Policy Instrument Type: Administrative, Standards

Position in the Pyramid

About Us

Participation: Mandatory

Period

Start Date: 2008

Policy Linkages

Supported By Ten Key Projects Program Supporting Measure
Supported By Financial Rewards for Energy-Saving Technical Retrofits Supporting Measure
Supported By Differential Electricity Pricing for Industry Supporting Measure
Complements Top-1000 Energy-Consuming Enterprises Program Effort Defining
Complements Top-10,000 Energy-Consuming Enterprises Program Effort Defining

Agencies Responsible

National Development and Reform Commission
Ministry of Industry and Information Technology

Primary Objective: Energy

Objective

Implement minimum allowable energy efficiency standards for existing plants and newly constructed plants for different types of raw materials, fuels, and capacities

Target Group

Enterprises that produce energy-intensive materials. Materials covered include: cement, crude steel, caustic soda, copper, ferroalloy, coke, calcium carbide, ceramics, zinc, lead, yellow phosphorus, synthetic ammonia, flat glass, magnesium, copper-alloy, nickel, electrolyzed aluminum, tin, antimony, carbon materials, and wrought aluminum alloy and electricity from coal-fired power stations

Driver of energy consumption or emissions affected by policy: Energy efficiency

Implementation Information Expand this section for information on targets, monitoring, verification and enforcement regimes, and implementation requirements and tools.

Coverage

-

Quantitative Target? yes

Target: Each sector has their own standard for each product/process [1] [2]. For example there is a "Norm of Energy Consumption Per Unit of Product of Cement" and a "Norm of Energy Consumption Per Unit Product of Major Procedure of Crude Steel Manufacturing Process". For full list see [5]

Progress Monitored? yes

Verification Required? yes

Enforced? no

Requirements on the Target Group

- Enterprises are asked to submit their compliance reports to local EICs - It is expected the newly constructed plants will reach the "advanced energy efficiency level" in three to five years

Support by Government

Implementation Toolbox

The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, the General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection, and Quarantine, and the Standardization Administration of China issued an “Implementation Plan to Enforce the Industrial Energy Performance Standards” for calcium carbide and ferroalloy industries. The goal is to ensure industrial companies in these two sectors comply with the national mandatory industrial energy performance standards, increase industrial energy efficiency, and promote industrial transformation.  

The Implementation Plans will conduct supervision and inspections on industrial companies regarding their energy-measuring instruments and compliance with the performance standards. If companies do not meet the requirements, a mandatory energy audit would be enforced. If companies do not meet the requirements after audits are conducted and retrofits are implemented, punitive measures would ensue.

Under the Implementation Plans, companies are required to conduct self-assessments on energy measuring instruments, equipment energy consumption, and specific energy consumption. Local governments (led by local Economic and Information Commissions) will review the self-assessment reports and verify/inspect the companies that: 1) do not provide self-assessments, 2) companies provide false information, and 3) companies that built facilities after the industrial energy performance standards took effect. The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology and the General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection, and Quarantine will organize industrial associations and industry experts to conduct field inspections in local provinces and publish reports on companies that met the Industrial Energy Performance Standards and companies that fail to retrofit periodically.  

Impacts, Costs & Benefits Expand this section to find information on policy effectiveness and efficiency.

Impact Quantitative Estimate Qualitative Estimate
Estimated effect on energy consumption or emissions Not available Not available
Estimated costs/benefits for industry Not available Not available
Estimated cost for government Not available Not available
Other Benefits
General Benefits Improve energy savings and associated CO2 emissions reductions.
Specific Benefits Reduce energy consumption in plants and improve competitiveness.

References & Footnotes

References

[1] General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine (AQSIQ), and the Standardization Administration of China (SAC), 2007. The Norm of Energy Consumption Per Unit of Product of Cement, GB 16780-2007. Beijing: Standard Press of China

[2] General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine (AQSIQ), and the Standardization Administration of China (SAC), 2007. The norm of energy consumption per unit product of major procedure of crude steel manufacturing process, GB GB 21256-2007. Beijing: Standard Press of China

[3] General Office of the Standardization Administration of China, 2008. "Starting June 2008, 46 National Standards to be Implemented Sequentially Under the Energy Conservation Law." April 28, 2008. http://www.sac.gov.cn/templet/default/ShowArticle.jsp?id=3972. 

[4] MIIT, 2010. The Notice of Conducting Monitoring and Examination on the Implementation of the Minimum Energy Performance Standards of Key Energy-Using Enterprises. April, 2010. http://www.miit.gov.cn/n11293472/n11293832/n12843926/13171731.html

[5] Price, L., 2010. Information for Development of a Country Factsheet on Industrial Energy Efficiency Policies and Programs in China. Berkeley, CA: Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory.

Footnotes

(*1) Monitoring and evaluation have three phases: self-evaluation, local supervision, and national-level spot checking

(*2) China began to conduct monitoring and examination on the implementation of the 22 standards in 2010

(*3) EICs are responsible for checking the implementation of the 22 standards and providing guidance and supervision to the Key Energy-Using Enterprises

(*4) Local EICs will organize expert teams to conduct supervision, and provide recommendations to enterprises if significant issues are identified

(*5) Results of local supervision will then be submitted to the Department of Energy Conservation and Comprehensive Utilization of MIIT; Together with Standardization Administration of China, industrial associations and local energy supervision centers, MIIT will perform spot/random checking on both the local governments and local enterprises through reports, interviews, meetings, or onsite investigations

(*6) Limited emphasis was put on these standards in the first operational years. However, recently more effort is being made to enforce them.