CN-4:Industrial Energy Performance Standards
Industrial energy performance standards set minimum allowable energy efficiency values for existing plants and newly constructed plants, taking into account different types of raw materials, fuels, and capacities. Aside from the mandatory minimum energy efficiency standards a set of voluntary, more advanced, “reach standards” have been established.
Industrial energy performance standards set minimum allowable energy efficiency values for existing plants and newly constructed plants, taking into account different types of raw materials, fuels, and capacities . Aside from the mandatory minimum energy efficiency standards a set of voluntary, more advanced, “reach standards” have been established.
|Sector||Standard||Product/Process/Size||Unit||Minimum Existing||New Plants Minimum||Advanced Minimum|
|Cement||GB 16780-2007||2,000-4,000 tpd||kgce/t||109||100||97|
|Caustic soda||GB 21257-2008||Liquid||kgce/t||600||490||490|
|Electric Furnace Ferromanganese||kgce/t||790||710||670|
|High Carbon Ferrochrome||kgce/t||900||810||740|
|Blast Furnace Ferromanganese||kgce/t||1250||1220||1180|
|Calcium Carbide||GB 21343-2008||kgce/t||1200||1100||1050|
|Zinc smelting||GB 21249-2007||Zinc pyrometallurgy||kgce/t||2200||2100||1900|
|Zinc hydrometallurgy w/residue treatment process||kgce/t||1850||1700||1200|
|Zinc hydrometallurgy w/out residue treatment process||kgce/t||1200||1050||1000|
|Lead smelting||GB 21250-2007||Lead bullion process||kgce/t||460||400||330|
|Electrolytic lead refining||kgce/t||170||140||120|
|Yellow Phosphorus||GB 21345-2008||kgce/t||3600||3200||3000|
|Synthetic Ammonia||GB 21344-2008||Coal||kgce/t||1900||1500||1500|
|Natural gas and coke-oven gas||kgce/t||1650||1150||1150|
|Flat Glass||GB 21340-2008||kgce/weight case||18.5||16.5||16.5|
|Magnesium Smelting||GB 21347-2008||kgce/t||8300||7500||5600|
|Copper and Copper-Alloy Tube||GB 21350-2008||Copper tube||kgce/t||375||355||345|
|Simple brass tube||kgce/t||400||370||355|
|Complicated brass tube||kgce/t||600||570||550|
|Nickel Smelting||GB 21251-2007||High nickel sulfur||kgce/t||1100||850||680|
|Electrolyzed aluminium||GB 21346-2008||Liquid aluminium||kWh/t||14400||13800||13500|
|Aluminium ingots resmelting||tce/t||1.9||1.85||1.8|
|Aluminium alloy||GB 21351-2008|
|Base materials||Circular ingots||kgce/t||160||150||140|
|Feedstock for furnaces||kgce/t||410||370||340|
|Finished products||Base materials||kgce/t||180||170||160|
|Feedstock for furnaces||kgce/t||590||540||500|
|Tin Smelting||GB 21348-2008||Presmelting treatment||kgce/t||55||45||35|
|Coal-fired power plants||GB 21258-2007||Supercritical||gce/kWh||320||300||300|
|Antimony smelting||GB 21349-2008|
|Antimony sulfide ore||Crude smelting||kgce/t||720||660||600|
|Antimony sulfide concentrates smelting||kgce/t||1440||1320||1200|
|Oxysulfide antimony ore||Crude smelting||kgce/t||1150||1050||960|
|Oxysulfide mixed with antimony concentrates smelting||kgce/t||1820||1660||1520|
|Carbon materials||GB 21370-2008|
|Graphite electrode||General power graphite electrode||kgce/t||4600||4150||3960|
|High power graphite electrode||kgce/t||5650||5160||4860|
|Ultra high power graphite electrode||kgce/t||6600||5990||5650|
|Charcoal electrode||Diameter ≤1000mm||kgce/t||1150||1050||980|
|Carbon block||General carbon block||kgce/t||1400||1300||1200|
|(Semi) graphitic carbon block||kgce/t||1650||1450||1300|
|Microporous carbon block||kgce/t||1850||1650||1520|
|Baking||Product diameter ≤500mm||kgce/t||580||480||440|
|Product diameter >1000mm||kgce/t||1450||1200||1100|
|Graphite-making||General power graphite electrode||kgce/t||2700||2460||2400|
|High power graphite electrode||kgce/t||2970||2700||2640|
|Ultra high power graphite electrode||kgce/t||3100||2830||2760|
Source: General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine (AQSIQ), and the Standardization Administration of China (SAC)
Monitoring and evaluation will have three phases: self-evaluation, local supervision, and national-level spot checking.
The enforcement method remains unclear in case the plants do not meet their targets. However, it may become more explicit under the 12th FYP (Five Year Plan) (2011-2015).
Policy Information Expand this section for information on the key features of the policy, such as its date of introduction, categorization, main objective(s) and linkages with other policies.
Policy Instrument Type: Administrative, Standards
Position in the PyramidAbout Us
Start Date: 2008
|Supported By||Ten Key Projects Program||Supporting Measure|
|Supported By||Financial Rewards for Energy-Saving Technical Retrofits||Supporting Measure|
|Supported By||Differential Electricity Pricing for Industry||Supporting Measure|
|Complements||Top-1000 Energy-Consuming Enterprises Program||Effort Defining|
|Complements||Top-10,000 Energy-Consuming Enterprises Program||Effort Defining|
National Development and Reform Commission
Ministry of Industry and Information Technology
Primary Objective: Energy
Implement minimum allowable energy efficiency standards for existing plants and newly constructed plants for different types of raw materials, fuels, and capacities
Enterprises that produce energy-intensive materials. Materials covered include: cement, crude steel, caustic soda, copper, ferroalloy, coke, calcium carbide, ceramics, zinc, lead, yellow phosphorus, synthetic ammonia, flat glass, magnesium, copper-alloy, nickel, electrolyzed aluminum, tin, antimony, carbon materials, and wrought aluminum alloy and electricity from coal-fired power stations
Driver of energy consumption or emissions affected by policy: Energy efficiency
Implementation Information Expand this section for information on targets, monitoring, verification and enforcement regimes, and implementation requirements and tools.
Quantitative Target? yes
Target: Each sector has their own standard for each product/process  . For example there is a "Norm of Energy Consumption Per Unit of Product of Cement" and a "Norm of Energy Consumption Per Unit Product of Major Procedure of Crude Steel Manufacturing Process". For full list see 
Progress Monitored? yes
Verification Required? yes
Requirements on the Target Group
- Enterprises are asked to submit their compliance reports to local EICs - It is expected the newly constructed plants will reach the "advanced energy efficiency level" in three to five years
Support by Government
The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, the General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection, and Quarantine, and the Standardization Administration of China issued an “Implementation Plan to Enforce the Industrial Energy Performance Standards” for calcium carbide and ferroalloy industries. The goal is to ensure industrial companies in these two sectors comply with the national mandatory industrial energy performance standards, increase industrial energy efficiency, and promote industrial transformation.
The Implementation Plans will conduct supervision and inspections on industrial companies regarding their energy-measuring instruments and compliance with the performance standards. If companies do not meet the requirements, a mandatory energy audit would be enforced. If companies do not meet the requirements after audits are conducted and retrofits are implemented, punitive measures would ensue.
Under the Implementation Plans, companies are required to conduct self-assessments on energy measuring instruments, equipment energy consumption, and specific energy consumption. Local governments (led by local Economic and Information Commissions) will review the self-assessment reports and verify/inspect the companies that: 1) do not provide self-assessments, 2) companies provide false information, and 3) companies that built facilities after the industrial energy performance standards took effect. The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology and the General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection, and Quarantine will organize industrial associations and industry experts to conduct field inspections in local provinces and publish reports on companies that met the Industrial Energy Performance Standards and companies that fail to retrofit periodically.
Impacts, Costs & Benefits Expand this section to find information on policy effectiveness and efficiency.
|Impact||Quantitative Estimate||Qualitative Estimate|
|Estimated effect on energy consumption or emissions||Not available||Not available|
|Estimated costs/benefits for industry||Not available||Not available|
|Estimated cost for government||Not available||Not available|
|General Benefits||Improve energy savings and associated CO2 emissions reductions.|
|Specific Benefits||Reduce energy consumption in plants and improve competitiveness.|
References & Footnotes
 General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine (AQSIQ), and the Standardization Administration of China (SAC), 2007. The Norm of Energy Consumption Per Unit of Product of Cement, GB 16780-2007. Beijing: Standard Press of China
 General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine (AQSIQ), and the Standardization Administration of China (SAC), 2007. The norm of energy consumption per unit product of major procedure of crude steel manufacturing process, GB GB 21256-2007. Beijing: Standard Press of China
 General Office of the Standardization Administration of China, 2008. "Starting June 2008, 46 National Standards to be Implemented Sequentially Under the Energy Conservation Law." April 28, 2008. http://www.sac.gov.cn/templet/default/ShowArticle.jsp?id=3972.
 MIIT, 2010. The Notice of Conducting Monitoring and Examination on the Implementation of the Minimum Energy Performance Standards of Key Energy-Using Enterprises. April, 2010. http://www.miit.gov.cn/n11293472/n11293832/n12843926/13171731.html
 Price, L., 2010. Information for Development of a Country Factsheet on Industrial Energy Efficiency Policies and Programs in China. Berkeley, CA: Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory.
(*1) Monitoring and evaluation have three phases: self-evaluation, local supervision, and national-level spot checking
(*2) China began to conduct monitoring and examination on the implementation of the 22 standards in 2010
(*3) EICs are responsible for checking the implementation of the 22 standards and providing guidance and supervision to the Key Energy-Using Enterprises
(*4) Local EICs will organize expert teams to conduct supervision, and provide recommendations to enterprises if significant issues are identified
(*5) Results of local supervision will then be submitted to the Department of Energy Conservation and Comprehensive Utilization of MIIT; Together with Standardization Administration of China, industrial associations and local energy supervision centers, MIIT will perform spot/random checking on both the local governments and local enterprises through reports, interviews, meetings, or onsite investigations
(*6) Limited emphasis was put on these standards in the first operational years. However, recently more effort is being made to enforce them.