Japan

JP-8:Mandatory GHG Emissions Reporting

Policy Description

Japan introduced in 2005 (effective in April  2006) the Mandatory Greenhouse Gas Accounting and Reporting System. This system requires specified entities (which emit GHG emissions above a defined thresholder) to calculate their GHG emissions and report the results to the Government. 

Description

Japan introduced in 2005 (effective in April  2006) the Mandatory Greenhouse Gas Accounting and Reporting System based on the revised Act on Promotion of Global Warming Countermeasures (Act No. 117 of 1998).  This system requires specified entities (which emit GHG emissions above a defined threshold) to calculate their GHG emissions and report the results to the Government. [1] [2]

Industrial companies, commercial businesses, universities, freight carriers, etc. (as specified in the Law Promoting the Rational Use of Energy) who consume more than 1,500kl (crude oil equivalent) of energy per year or emit more than  3,000t-CO2 per year must report their GHG emission levels.

The main objective of the system is to promote voluntary emissions-reduction efforts of emitters through assessment of the current GHG emission levels.

Under this system “specified establishment emitters” are considered those that use more than 1,500 kl energy per year by crude oil equivalent for all establishments, and that satisfy the following requirements (1) and (2):

1.     Conduct business activities with each establishment emitting 3,000 tons or more CO2 by type of greenhouse emission gas;

2.     Employ 21 or more staff in total for all establishments

 

The other category, “specified transportation emitters” are considered those that fall in the transportation sector, including specified freight carriers, specified consigners, specified passenger carriers, and specified air carriers under the Act on the Rational Use of Energy [4].

At the end of fiscal year 201011,034 operators (12,846 establishments) had their GHG emissions in the specified establishment emitter category and 1,399 operators in the specified transportation emitter category. Total GHG emissions reported by specified emitters was approximately 670 million tCO2 [4].

 

 

 

Policy Information Expand this section for information on the key features of the policy, such as its date of introduction, categorization, main objective(s) and linkages with other policies.

Policy Categorisation

Policy Instrument Type: Administrative

Position in the Pyramid

About Us

Participation: Mandatory

Policy Linkages

Supports Japanese Voluntary Emissions Trading Scheme (JVETS) Effort Defining

Agencies Responsible

Ministry of Environment
Ministry of Economy Trade and Industry (METI)

Primary Objective: GHG Emissions

Objective

The main objective of the system is to promote voluntary emissions-reduction efforts of emitters through assessment of their current GHG emission levels.

Target Group

Driver of energy consumption or emissions affected by policy: GHG emissions

Implementation Information Expand this section for information on targets, monitoring, verification and enforcement regimes, and implementation requirements and tools.

Coverage

Quantitative Target? no

Progress Monitored? yes

Verification Required? no

Enforced? yes

Sanctions: In cases of failure to report or falsified reporting, offenders can be fine of up to 200,000 yen.

Requirements on the Target Group

Companies and businesses that emit above 3,000 tCO2eq or consume more than 1,500kl (crude oil equivalent) of energy per year must calculate and report their GHG emissions. 

 

GHG emissions are to be reported by each operating location or  place of business. Energy management factories, consignors,  passenger carriers, and freight carriers designated under the Act Promoting the Rational Use of Energy are to report emissions for the business entity as a whole.
 
Specified emitters must report to the minister having jurisdiction over their business. [1]

 

Support by Government

Implementation Toolbox

A manual for calculating and reporting Greenhouse Gas emissions was released by the Japanese Ministry of Environment in November 2006 and the same ministry issued Environmental Reporting Guidelines in 2007 [3]

 

 

Impacts, Costs & Benefits Expand this section to find information on policy effectiveness and efficiency.

Impact Quantitative Estimate Qualitative Estimate
Estimated effect on energy consumption or emissions
Estimated costs/benefits for industry
Estimated cost for government

References & Footnotes

References

[1] Takeshi SEKIYA, MoE, Mandatory Greenhouse Gas Accounting and Reporting System, 2007, http://www.arb.ca.gov/research/seminars/japan/japan2.pdf

[2] http://www.kyomecha.org/e/info/reporting_system.html

[3] National Greenhouse Gas Inventory Report of JAPAN, April 2011: http://www.nies.go.jp/gaiyo/media_kit/4.NIRJ%202011%20April.pdf

[4] METI (2013). Announcement of Calculated Results of FY 2010 Greenhouse Gas Emissions. Available at http://www.meti.go.jp/english/press/2013/0913_02.html