Turkey

TR-6:Program for Improving Energy Efficiency - Action Plan

Policy Description

The Energy Efficiency Strategy 2012-2023 (TR-6), which entered into force in 2012, outlines the the actions required to be taken in the field of energy efficiency. This Action Plan, approved in November 2014 as part of the 10th Development Plan 2014-2018, aims at executing activities to improve energy efficiency in selected sectors and areas; expanding certain existing practices; disseminating example practices to raise public awareness and ultimately contributing to demand management. In the industry sector, the Action Plan strenghtens the promotion of high-efficiency motors, and improves capacity building and best practice sharing among SMEs. The Action Plan also creates additional efforts to improve the administrative and institutional capacity for energy efficiency.

Description

The Energy Efficiency Strategy 2012-2023 (TR-2), which entered into force in 2012, outlines the the actions required to be taken in the field of energy efficiency. This Action Plan, approved in November 2014 as part of the 10th Development Plan 2014-2018, aims at executing activities to improve energy efficiency in selected sectors and areas; expanding certain existing practices; disseminating example practices to raise public awareness and ultimately contributing to demand management.

The goals of the Action Plan are to:

1) Reduce the primary energy intensity of Turkey, which was 0.2646 TPE/1000 USD (climate-adjusted and in 2000 USD prices) at the end of 2011, to 0.243 TPE/1000 USD by the end of 2018.
2) Reduce the energy consumption at public buildings by 10 percent by the end of 2018, relative to the base year of 2012, on the basis of indicators to be established and through energy efficiency practices. 
 

N o

Name of Indicator

2013

2014

2015

2016

2017

2018

1

Primary energy intensity (TPE/1000 USD)*

0.270

0.262

0.254

0.248

0.244

0.243

2

Cumulative reduction in energy consumption (thousand TPE)**

10,734

12,310

13,998

15,806

17,742

19,815

*Primary Energy Intensity in 2012, 2000 USD prices, net of climate effect,   

** Covers energy consumption of industrial, residential and transportation sectors in 2013. The model has assumed scenarios including achievement of main energy efficiency targets and best practices for individual sub-sectors of industrial sector (benchmark method), insulation improvements in 40% of existing buildings, attainment of 70 kWh/m2 value by 2030 in space heating and achievement of EU targets in electrical home appliances, and attainment of 3 lt fuel consumption per 100 km in transportation by 2030, which is the target set by the EU.

There are six components to the Action Plan, with different agencies responsilbe for each compoent, as follows: 

  • Component 1: Improving Administrative and Institutional Capacity for Energy Efficiency / Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources
  • Component 2: Developing Sustainable Financial Mechanisms to Finance Energy Efficiency Activities and Projects / Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources
  • Component 3: Improving Energy Efficiency in Industry / Ministry of Science, Industry and Technology
  • Component 4: Improving Energy Efficiency in Buildings / Ministry of Environment and Urbanization
  • Component 5: Improving Energy Efficiency in Transportation / Ministry of Transportation, Maritime and Communication
  • Component 6: Rolling Out On-Site Generation, Cogeneration and Micro-Generation Systems / Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources 

Component 3: Improving Energy Efficiency in Industry will: 

Policy 1: Replace low-efficiency AC electrical motors with higher-efficiency motors.

  • An inventory of 7.5 kW and higher capacity AC motors used in the industry will be prepared
  • The efficiency will be increased in the enforcement of secondary legislation concerning shift to high-efficiency engines, legislation will be prepared on minimum efficiency requirements for coupled motors, and the inspections on the production and import of electrical motors will be streamlined
  • The use of equipment increasing the efficiency of motors (variable speed drives, soft-starters, harmonic filters, etc.) will be expanded
  • A motor testing laboratory will be established for market oversight and supervision purposes
  • Studies will be conducted on tax differentiation aimed at expanding the use of high-efficiency motors 

Policy 2: Improve the mechanisms for supporting SMEs with training, study and consulting services concerning energy efficiency. 

  • Efforts will be made to increase the capacities of Energy Management Units (EMUs) and to establish new EMUs in Organized Industrial Zones (OIZ) (*1). Furthermore, efforts will be made to expand the ownership of ISO 50001 Energy Management System standard User Guide and Conditions Standard Certificate.  A part of this standard, personnel-system certification activities as well as awareness raising and management system training activities will be carried out.   
  • Support programs will be developed to help OIZs implement the energy efficiency measures they have identified through energy efficiency surveys. Pursuant to Article 9 of Energy Efficiency Law (see TR-1), the energy efficiency training, study survey and consulting services provided to SMEs are supported by KOSGEB. In this scope, subsidy programs will be developed, primarily for the purchase of high-efficiency motors by enterprises
  • Cooperation networks will be utilized for energy efficiency among SMEs. Through cooperation with agencies and organizations with international experience in energy efficiency matters, knowledge, experience and technology will be transferred to our country. At the national level, knowledge sharing platforms will be created through the cooperation of related agencies n order to raise the awareness level of SMEs

Policy 3: Roll out the technologies and good practices about energy efficiency among SMEs 

  • Guidance documents will be prepared to disseminate energy-efficient technologies and good practices among SMEs
  • Best Available Techniques Reference Documents (BREF) concerning energy efficiency will be adapted, and Best Available Techniques (BAT) will be disseminated among SMEs
  • Awareness raising and promotional activities will be carried out to increase demand for products with high energy efficiency and to raise awareness among end users.  

Under Component 1, the Action Plan focuses on improving administrative and institutional capacity for energy efficiency through the following measures: 

Ensure that public agencies and organizations make long-term needs planning 

  • The existing structure dealing with energy efficiency under Renewable Energy Directorate General will be transformed into a stronger structure that will also steer and coordinate energy efficiency activities of other agencies and organizations as well.  

Create a mechanism for statistics, measurement-evaluation and monitoring in the field of energy efficiency 

  • A management information system will be created to operate in the field of energy efficiency.  

Policy Information Expand this section for information on the key features of the policy, such as its date of introduction, categorization, main objective(s) and linkages with other policies.

Policy Categorisation

Policy Instrument Type: Administrative, Economic, Information & Outreach

Position in the Pyramid

About Us

Participation: Voluntary

Period

Start Date: 2014

End Date: 2018

Policy Linkages

Supports Energy Efficiency Law Effort Defining
Complements Energy Efficiency Strategy Effort Defining

Agencies Responsible

Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources (MENR)
Ministry of Science, Industry and Trade (MoSIT)
SME Development Organization (KOSGEB)

Primary Objective: Energy

Objective

Reduce its energy intensity, which is high relative to developed countries, and improve energy efficiency in order to ensure sustainable development.

Target Group

All sectors of the economy. For industry, SMEs and Organized Industrial Zones are targeted as well as industrial motors.

Driver of energy consumption or emissions affected by policy: Energy intensity

Implementation Information Expand this section for information on targets, monitoring, verification and enforcement regimes, and implementation requirements and tools.

Coverage

SMEs, Organized Industrial Zones, industrial motors.

Quantitative Target? no

Target: Only the overall energy-intensity target. There are no industry-specific targets as part of this Action Plan

Progress Monitored? yes

Monitoring Done By

Organisation Type Organisation Name
Government Agency Ministry of Science, Industry and Trade (MoSIT)
Government Agency SME Development Organization (KOSGEB)
Government Agency Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources (MENR)

Verification Required? no

Enforced? no

Requirements on the Target Group

None - this Action Plan focuses on strengthening incentives for energy efficient motor systems, to build capacity of SMEs, share best practices in BATs and ISO 50001, and provide peer learning networks for SMEs

Support by Government

  • Studies will be conducted on tax differentiation aimed at expanding the use of high-efficiency motors 
  • Efforts will be made to increase the capacities of Energy Management Units (EMUs) and to establish new EMUs in Organized Industrial Zones (OIZ) (*1). Furthermore, efforts will be made to expand the ownership of ISO 50001 Energy Management System standard User Guide and Conditions Standard Certificate.  A part of this standard, personnel-system certification activities as well as awareness raising and management system training activities will be carried out.   
  • Support programs will be developed to help OIZs implement the energy efficiency measures they have identified through energy efficiency surveys. Pursuant to Article 9 of Energy Efficiency Law (see TR-1), the energy efficiency training, study survey and consulting services provided to SMEs are supported by KOSGEB. In this scope, subsidy programs will be developed, primarily for the purchase of high-efficiency motors by enterprises
  • Cooperation networks will be utilized for energy efficiency among SMEs. Through cooperation with agencies and organizations with international experience in energy efficiency matters, knowledge, experience and technology will be transferred to our country. At the national level, knowledge sharing platforms will be created through the cooperation of related agencies n order to raise the awareness level of SMEs
  • Guidance documents will be prepared to disseminate energy-efficient technologies and good practices among SMEs
  • Best Available Techniques Reference Documents (BREF) concerning energy efficiency will be adapted, and Best Available Techniques (BAT) will be disseminated among SMEs
  • Awareness raising and promotional activities will be carried out to increase demand for products with high energy efficiency and to raise awareness among end users.

Implementation Toolbox

  • ISO 50001 Energy Management System standard User Guide and Conditions Standard Certificate

Impacts, Costs & Benefits Expand this section to find information on policy effectiveness and efficiency.

Impact Quantitative Estimate Qualitative Estimate
Estimated effect on energy consumption or emissions Not available Not available
Estimated costs/benefits for industry Not available Not available
Estimated cost for government Not available Not available

References & Footnotes

References

[1] Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources (November 2014). Program for Improving Energy Efficiency - Action Plan. Tenth Development Plan 2014-2018.

Footnotes

(*1) Organized Industrial Zones (OIZs) are designed to allow companies to operate within an investor-friendly environment with ready-to-use infrastructure and social facilities. The existing infrastructure provided in the zones includes roads, water, natural gas, electricity, communications, waste treatment, and other services. There are 290 OIZs in 80 provinces, 211 of which are currently operational, while the remaining 79 OIZs are being constructed throughout Turkey. See http://www.invest.gov.tr/en-US/investmentguide/investorsguide/Pages/SpecialInvestmentZones.aspx

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